MapucheSouth Americaintensive agriculturalists
Historically, Mapuche or “people from the land” was the term used to designate the Mapuche occupying the south-central area of Chile but now is the term used for all Mapuche. The Mapuche speak a language called Mapudungun, composed of several dialects. Aboriginally the economy was based on a combination of food gathering, hunting, fishing, and horticulture, but by the twentieth century agriculture predominated with farming techniques learned primarily from the Chileans. Settlements consist of three to eight dispersed dwellings, each occupied by a patrilocal extended family.
- South America
- Central Andes
- intensive agriculturalists