article

The Cypress Hills massacre: a century's retrospect

Saskatchewan history26 (3) • Published In 1973 • Pages: 81-102

By: Goldring, P..

Abstract
In the spring of 1873, a number of Assinboine were camped at a location called Cypress Hillls in southwestern Saskatechewan '…where two traders named Abel Farwell and Moses Solomon had erected trading posts the year before. Tension and mistrust between traders and Indians came to a head while a dozen or more frontier characters from Fort Benton happened to be camped a stone's throw from Fort Farwell. A strayed horse was mistakenly believed to have been stolen, and in the resulting confusion firing broke out which culminated in the complete destruction of the Indian camp and the deaths of twenty or more persons. American and Canadian attempts to bring the perpetrators to justice were thwarted by the climate of opinion in Montana, which was quite ready to condone the massacre whatever it origins, and by the failure of the government witnesses to tell a convincing story in the face of conflicting testimony' (p. 81). Goldring examines some of the major publications on the massacre including reconstruction of the events from various historical documents as well as surviving accounts of the massacre given by alleged participants from ten to fifty years later, and the judicial records of the legal proceedings of the American and Canadian governments which lasted virtually from the time of the massacre until three participants were tried for murder in Winnipeg in the last week of June 1876. From the analysis of these records the author attempts to present to the reader a clearer picture of what actually happened at Cypress Hills in 1873.
Subjects
External trade
Retail marketing
External relations
Warfare
culture
Assiniboine
HRAF PubDate
2002
Region
North America
Sub Region
Plains and Plateau
Document Type
article
Evaluation
Unknown-4
Analyst
John Beierle ; 2001
Coverage Date
1873
Coverage Place
Cypress Hills, southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada
Notes
P. Goldring
Includes bibliographical references
LCCN
54026145
LCSH
Assiniboine Indians