Spencer, Baldwin Sir, 1860-. The Arunta: a study of a stone age people

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Arunta Chapter I Introduction

Chapter Ii Social Organisation

Series I.

Series Ii.

Chapter Iii Local Organisation

(a) Main Geographical Groups

(b) Local Groups Associated With The Social Organisation

(c) Local Organisation Associated With The Totemic Groups

Chapter Iv The Totems

Relationship Between The Individual And The Totem

Chapter V Totemic Topography

Chapter Vi Churinga

Chapter Vii Lending And Returning Churlnga

Chapter Viii Mbanbiuma Or Intichiuma Ceremonies

Intichiuma (mbanbiuma) Of The Udxirrixgita Or Witchetty Grub Toten

Mbanbiuma Of The Erlla Or Emu Totem

Mbanbtuma Of The Unjiamba Or Hakea Flower Totem

Mbanbiuma Of The Ilpirla Or Manna Totem

Mbanbiuma Of The Yarumpa 1 Or Honey-ant Totem

Mbanbiuma Of The Quatcha Cr Water Totem

Undiara And The Mbanbiuma Of The Arura Totem

The History Of Ungutnika Of Undiara

The Kangaroo And The Kangaroo Men

Mbanbiuma Of The Arura Or Kangaroo Totem

Mbanbiuma Of The Irriakura Totem

Chapter Ix Initiation Ceremonies

The First Ceremony--throwing The Boy Up In The Air, Alkirakiwuma

The Segond Ceremony--circumcision Or Lartna

The Cefemony Of Head-bitlng

The Ceremony Of Sub-incision Or Arilta

Chapter X Initlation Ceremonies The Engwura Ceremony

Chapter Xi Initiation Ceremonies The Encwura Ceremony

Chapter Xii The Alchera And Alchera Ancestors

The Irriakura Tralition

Erila Tradition

The Udnirringiia Or Witcheiiy Grub Totem

The Wanderings Of Three Women

Wanderings Of Three Wild Dog Men

Wanderings Of Two Unjiamba Or Hakea Women

Wanderings Of The Emu Men

Two Udnirringita Grub Men

Tradition Of Kukaitcha And Two Luritcha Women

Wanderings Of The Honey-ant People

Wanderings Of The Lizard Men

The Unthippa Women

Tradition Of Erkincha

The Snake Of Imyunga

The Fire Totem

The Origin Of Fire

Origin Of Fire Totem

Tradition Of An Iturka Worra Man

The Erunchatua And The Oknirrabata

Association Of Birds With Particular Totems

Chapter Xiii The Achilpa Tradition

1. The Earlier Wanderings; The Tradition Of Numbakulla And Of The Origin Of Churinga And Kuruna

Chapter Xiv The Achilpa Tradition

2. The Later Wanderings

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The Arunta Chapter Xv The Making And The Powers Of Medicine Men; Various Forms Of Magic

Chapter Xvi Spirit Beliefs

Chapter Xvii Death, Buriai And Mourning Ceremonies

Chapter Xviii Atninga Or Avenging Party

Chapter Xix The Customs Of Kurdaitcha And Illapurinja

The Custom Of Illapurinja

Chapter Xx Methods Of Obtaining Wives: Alknarinja Women: Marital Customs

Aiknarinja Women

Marital Customs

Chapter Xxi Customs Concerned With Knocking Out Of Teeth; Nose-boring; Growth Of Breasts; Blood, Blood-letting, Blood-giving, Blood-drinking; Hair; Child-birth; Food Restrictions; Cannibalism Knocking Out Of Teeth

Ceremony Of Nose-boring

Prómoting The Growth Of The Breasts

Various Customs Concerned With Blood, Blood-letting, And Blood-giving, Etc.

Customs Concerned With Hair

Custom At Child-birth

Food Restrictions


Chapter Xxii Myths Relating To Sun, Moon, Eclipses, Etc.

The Moon

The Evening Star

Eclipses, Etc.

Chapter Xxiii Camps

Chapter Xxiv Proceedings Attendant On Visiting Strange Camp

Chapter Xxv Clothing, Ornament And Various Implements

Musical Instruments

Wallets And Bags


Pitchis, Wooden Bowls And Troughs

Chapter Xxvi Weapons And Implements (mainly Wooden)





Fighting Clubs

Chapter Xxvii Stone Implements

(i) Adzes

(2) Knives

(3) Picks

(4) Ground Axes

Chapter Xxviii Decorative Art

1. Designs On Implements And Weapons

2. Decorations Concerned With Ordinary Corrobborees

3. Decoration During Sacred Ceremonies Or Quabara Undattha

4. Designs On Churinga

5. Rock And Ground Drawings

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Arunta: a study of a stone age people

Published By: Original publisher London: Macmillan and co., limited. 1927. 2 vols. (xxviii, 646, xvi p., plates (col.) ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Baldwin Spencer and Francis James Gillen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aranda (OI08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an excellent and detailed account of the Aranda. The study was based on years of personal observation by Sir Baldwin Spencer, a biologist who served for a time as Special Commissioner for Aborigines and Chief Protector in Australia, and Francis James Gillen, Special Magistrate and Sub-Protector of Aborigines at Alice Springs, the center of Aranda territory. Spencer and Gillen witnessed many ceremonies and participated in the daily life of the Natives over a period of several years before much acculturation had begun to take place. The authors stress the social organization, sacred objects and places, myths, anthropometry, dress, utensils, weapons, decorative art, ceremonial activities, and norms of social behavior.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oi08-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1896-1913

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Government Officials-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. K. T. S. Coley ; 1951

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Australia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aranda (Australian people)


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