The Javanese are Indonesia's largest ethnic group living mostly in the Island of Java. Their subsistence economy greatly depended on a combination of irrigated, wet-rice farming, agriculture, small-scale artisan production, and wage work. Traditional Javanese society was divided into two major classes; the nobility and the peasantry. Expansion of state bureaucracy and partisan government policies of the colonial government consolidated this division by producing the classes of landless laborers and government officials (or prijaji). Many peasants have become prijaji in the post-independence period through education, public service and new economic opportunities.
- Southeast Asia
- intensive agriculturalists