Mescalero ApacheNorth Americahunter-gatherers
The Mescalero Apache were traditionally a hunting and gathering people of the American Southwest, the southern Plains, and northern Mexico. Linguistically they were related to the Athapascan-speaking Navajo, central Alaskan, and southern Canadian Indians. After years of conflict with the Spanish, Mexicans, and later by the Americans, they were eventually placed on a reservation, where they were joined by the Lipan and Chiricahua Apaches. Following the Indian Reorganiztion Act of 1934 the Mescalero gradually began to assume control over their own lives. By the late twentieth century their government consisted of a Tribal Council consisting of a tribal president, vice president, and other council members all popularly elected for two-year terms.
- North America
- Southwest and Basin
- United States