The Monguor are Mongols who settled the Tibetan frontier during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and afterwards became defenders of the frontier for the Ming and Qing dynasties. Their culture is heavily influenced by that of the Chinese and Tibetans. The Monguor live on the south slopes of the Qilian Mountains to the west of the Donxiang in northwestern China. Various dialects of their Mongol language survives to the present. The predominant religion is a form of Tibetan Lamaism combined with Daoist and shamanistic practices.
- East Asia
- intensive agriculturalists