Kayal, Philip M., 1943-. The Syrian-Lebanese in America: a study in religion and assimilation

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I The Phenomenon Of Arab Christianity

Arabic Culture

Christianity In The East

The Melkites

The Maronites

Religion And Intragroup Conflict

Christian “nationalism”

The Protestant Syrians

Chapter Ii The Middle East In History Syria And Lebanon

Religion And Social Structure In The Middle East

The Moslem Presence

Christianity And Lebanon

Chapter Iii To America: The Land Of Freedom

Causes Of The Migration

Demographic Characteristics Of The Migration

Chapter Iv The Immigrants Arrive

The Problem Of Origins—who Are They?

How Many Christian Arab Immigrants?

Syrian-american Communities—where Are They?

Chapter V The Syrians Succeed

The Stereotypes Continue

The Emergence Of The Entrepreneurs

Peddling—the Vehicle Of Success

Social Mobility

Chapter Vi The Roots Of Syrian Ethnicity

The Beginnings Of A “syrian-american” Consciousness

Village And Family Life And Group Consciousness

Syrian Values And Group Consciousness

Social Relations In The Early Settlement

Chapter Vii The Search For An Identity

Syrians Or Lebanese?

The Maronites In America

The Preference For American (latin) Catholicism

Chapter Viii America And The Syrian Easterners

The Confrontation

American Catholicism

Eastern Catholic Reactions

The Melkite-maronite Response

Chapter Ix The Americanization Of The “syrian Churches”

Churches Are Established

Eastern Catholic “americanization”

Chapter X Syrian-american Religion

The Ethnic Commitment

The Present Situation

Chapter Xi Hazardous Survival: Syrian-american Ethnicity

Ethnicity And Acculturation

Social Life In The Community

Marriage Patterns

Chapter Xii Ethnicity And Religion—the Syrian-american Future

Chapter Xiii Israel And Syrian-american Consciousness

The Disinterest In Politics

Political Consciousness Develops

Unity And The Present Syrian-lebanese View Of The Middle East Crisis

Chapter Xiv Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Syrian-Lebanese in America: a study in religion and assimilation

Published By: Original publisher New York: Twayne Publishers. 1975. 260 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Philip M. Kayal and Joseph M. Kayal, foreword by Michael Novak

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Arab Americans (NK09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External migration (167); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Ethos (181); Cultural identity and pride (186); Ethnic stratification (563); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Religious denominations (795); Ethnosociology (829);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This work is a socio-historical study of the Syrian-Lebanese Christians in America. Although it deals in large part with their migration and assimilation experiences, it also contains data on the authors' attempt to organize the literature on Syrian-Americans, their Americanization, the relationship between Eastern rite Catholics (Melkites and Maronites), and the Roman Catholic Church, the transformation of identities, and the rise of ethnic consciousess among the Christian Arabs.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nk09-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 250-257)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Sociologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1850s - 1970s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Arab Americans

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