Skrefsrud, Lars Olsen, 1840-1910. Traditions and institutions of the Santals

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. The Ancestors’ Story, As The Old Kolean Has Told It.

Additional Matters From Other Sources.

Ii. Ch[unknown]a[unknown]ti[unknown]ar, Ceremonial Cleansing

A. Janam Ch[unknown]a[unknown]ti[unknown]ar, Ceremonial Cleansing After Birth 1

B. When A Child Is Born Out Of Wedlock.

C. Caco Ch[unknown]a[unknown]ti[unknown]ar, The Ceremony When A Santal Is Given Full Social Rights.

C. Of The Burnt-mark.

D. Of Tattooing.

Iii. All In Connexion With Marriage

A. The Marriage-broker.

B. Omens.

C. Seeing House And Home.

D. Betrothal.

E. Handing Over The Money.

F. Of The Marriage Itself.

G. Tu[unknown]nki Dipil 62 Marriage.

H. Gh[unknown]ardi J[unknown]aw[unknown]ae 63 (house Son-in-law).

I. The Marriage Of Widowers, Widows, And Divorced Ones.

J. Running In.

K. Forcibly Applying Sindur.

L. About Getting A Second Wife.

M. Hirom B[unknown]aih[unknown]a (a Solatium To The First Wife For Getting A Co-wife).

N. Elopement

O. Divorce.

P. Outcasting.

Q. Taking Into Society Again.

Iv. When A Married Son Lives In The House Of His Father

A. Brothers Living Together.

B. Separation Of Brothers.

V. Husband And Wife In Their Own Home

A. Setting Up A Household.

B. The Clothes Of The Family.

C. The Ornaments Of The Santals.

D. Men’s Work.

E. Women’s Work.

F. Children’s Work And Amusements.

G. The Sorrows And Pleasures Of Married People.

H. The Sorrows And Joys Of Father, Mother, And Children.

I. Male And Female Servants.

J. Concerning Fever And Illness.

K. Concerning Relatives.

L. When Husband Or Wife Dies.

Vi. Village Life

A. Searching For A Village Site And Omens.

B. On Settling Down.

C. Bringing Up The Bongas In The Sacred Grove.

D. The Assistants Of The Village Headman.

E. The Division Of Agricultural Land.

F. Wealthy And Poor People

G. Mutual Help In The Village.

H. Working In Company With Others.

I. Looking People Up For A Talk.

J. Concerning Relationship.

K. Concerning Mutual Behaviour And Respect.

L. Concerning Friendship.

M. Sticking Together Of The Village People.

N. About Pride.

O. About Mocking People.

P. About Getting Angry And Sulky.

Q. About Passionate And Irascible Speech.

R. About Harbouring Suspicion.

S. About Envy, And Malice.

T. About Hating And Taking Revenge.

U. About Buying And Selling.

V. About Debts And Loans.

Vii. Concerning Pleasure And Joy

A. Singing And Dancing.

B. Beer Drinking.

C. Stories And Folk-tales.

D. Mimicking.

E. Catching Fish.

F. Hunting.

G. Composing Songs And The Like.

Viii. Crime And Its Punishment

A. The Councils.

B. Concerning Witnesses.

C. The Different Kinds Of Crime.

Ix. Religion And Worship

A. [unknown]th[unknown]akur.

B. The Bongas.

C. Worship And Festivals.

X. Beliefs Connected With The Bongas

A. The Witches.

B. The Ojhas.

C. Planting Branches.

D. The Witchfinders.

E. To Be Possessed.

F. Application Of The (evil) Eye.

G. Of Being Bewitched.

H. About Digging Out Bongas.

I. The Bonga Of The Old Home Of A Wife.

J. About Exorcizing Bongas.

K. Spiriting Away By Bongas.

L. About Bongas Appearing.

M. About Goblins And Ghosts.

Xi. Death And Final Funeral Ceremonies

A. Death.

B. The Cremation.

C. The Ceremony Of Purification After Death.

D. Going To The Damuda River.

E. The Final Funeral Ceremonies.

Xii. About The Other World

Xiii. Additional Account By Old Jugi[unknown]a

Xiv. What Has Been Added Below Is By Sido Desmańjhi Sardar Of Ambajo[unknown]ra 1

A. About Adoption.

B. About Adopted Children.

C. Wife’s Children Taken In.

D. Taking Possession On Settling.

E. Becoming Unfitted For Use.

F. The Sum Total Of The Law Of The Rights Of Women.

G. To Neutralize The Effect Of An Eclipse.

H. About Harvest Perquisites.

I. About Cum[unknown]an.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Traditions and institutions of the Santals

Published By: Original publisher Oslo: Oslo Etnografiske Museum. 1942. viii, 198 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Translated with notes and additions by P. O. Bodding ; from the Santali text published 1887 by L. O. Skrefsrud ; after the translator's death edited by Sten Konow

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Santal (AW42)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an account of 19th century Santal culture. It was dictated by an old Santal man with outstanding knowledge of native traditions. The account contains good information on social structure and organization, religion, life cycle ceremonies, settlement pattern, entertainment and the relationship to the Hindus. There is also an account on the Santal rebellion against Hindu oppressors.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. aw42-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Translation of: [Horkoren Mare Hapramko Reak' Katha]

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1870-1871

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sigrid Khera ; 1969-1970

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1800 - 1900

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) India

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Santal (South Asian people)

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