Christensen, James Boyd. Utani: joking, sexual license and social obligations among the Luguru

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Utani: joking, sexual license and social obligations among the Luguru

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph American anthropologist -- Vol. 65, no. 6

Published By: Original publisher American anthropologist -- Vol. 65, no. 6 Menasha, Wisc.: American Anthropological Association. 1963. 1314-1327 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication James Boyd Christensen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Luguru (FN32)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Kin relationships (602); Clans (614); Regulation of marriage (582); Kinship regulation of sex (835); Burial practices and funerals (764); Mutual aid (476); Humor (522); Social control (626); Inter-community relations (628); Inter-ethnic relations (629); ;

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study discusses the meaning and role of a joking relationship among a category of persons belonging to exogamous Luguru clans. Locally referred to as “utani,” two persons who stand as “joking relatives” vis-à-vis each other are by custom permitted, and in some instances required, to tease or make fun of each other without being offended. This expectation is reportedly useful for resolving tensions between preferentially marriageable cross-cousins from structurally competing Luguru clans. Joking relationships may also mitigate conflicts between the Luguru and neighboring non-Luguru communities.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fn32-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 1326-1327)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1959-1960

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem; 2020

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1959-1960

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro Region, Tanzania

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Luguru (African people)


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