Abu-Laban, Baha. An olive branch on the family tree: the Arabs in Canada

Table of Contents

Publication Information


The Relevance Of The Study

The Research Method

The Plan Of The Book


One Ancestral Ties: The Meaning Of Arab Ethnicity

Arab Lifestyles: An Overview

The Ancient Near East

The Ancient And Pre-islamic Arabian Peninsula

The Rise Of Islam

The Rise Of The Arab Empire

The Political Abyss

Arab Civilization And Culture

Arab Ethnicity In Canada

Official Designations Of Arabs In Canada

Dimensions Of Arab Ethnicity


Two The Ancestral Homeland: Social And Cultural Background

Family And Kinship Ties

Religious Diversity

Arab Christians

The Nestorian And Monophysite Churches

The Orthodox Church

The Uniate Churches: Maronites And Melkites

Arab Muslims

Political Conditions

The Arab National Movement

Political Independence

Socio-economic Conditions

Educational Development



Three The Chosen Land: Arrival And Settlement

Inflow Of Arab Immigrants

The Early Period (1882-1945)

The Post-war Period

Geographical Distribution

The Early Period

The Post-war Period

Age-sex Composition

Patterns Of Change: Early And Later Years

Differences Within The Post-war Arab Immigrant Group

Factors In Migration

The Early Syrian Immigrants

The Post-war Arab Immigrants



Four Canada’s Reception: Images Of The Arabs

Stereotypes Of Early Syrian Immigrants

The Official Response To Stereotyping

Immigration Restriction

The Issue Of Turkish Citizenship

The Zionist Ideology: A New Challenge For Arab Canadians

Contemporary Portrayals Of The Arabs



Five Economic Adaptation

The Early Pioneers

Occupational Pursuits

Orientation Towards Kinsmen

Devotion To Work And Self-employment

Risk-taking, Resourcefulness, And Self-denial

The Post-war Immigrants

Occupational Intentions

Problems Of Economic Adjustment

Income In Canada

Financial Position Before Immigration



Six Institutional Development: Religion, Associations And Newspapers

Institutionalizing The Faith

The Antiochian Orthodox Church

The Melkite Church

The Maronite Church

The Coptic Orthodox Church

The Islamic Mosque

The Adaptive Role Of Religious Institutions

The Founding Of Secular Associations

The Early Period

The Post-war Period

Newspapers And Periodicals



Seven Arab-canadian Family Life

Emerging Patterns Of Mate Selection

Marital Choice

Attitudes Towards Intermarriage

The Roles Of Men And Women

The Division Of Labour And Power

Personal Conduct

Kinship Ties

The Role Of Family In Immigration

Contact With Relatives In The Old Country

Kin Support And Interaction

Parent-child Relations

Child Bearing And Rearing

Alternate Agents Of Child Socialization



Eight Linguistic And Attitudinal Adaptation

Learning English And French

The Early Immigrants And Their Descendants

The Post-war Immigrants And Their Descendants

Change Of Citizenship

Return Migration

Attitude Towards Canada And The Arab World

Advice To New Immigrants



Nine Cultural Preservation And Identity

Language Maintenance

The Early Period

The Post-war Period

Informal Relationships

Social And Cultural Links With The Eastern Heritage

Antecedents Of Cultural Identity

The Generational Factor

Socio-economic Factors

Other Background Factors

Some Consequences Of Cultural Identity



Ten Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: An olive branch on the family tree: the Arabs in Canada

Published By: Original publisher Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. 1980. viii, 259 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Baha Abu-Laban

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Arab Canadians (NC05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External migration (167); History and culture change (170); Speech (191); Retail marketing (443); Age stratification (561); Ethnic stratification (563); Sodalities (575); Ecclesiastical organization (790);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a good account of Canada's Arab immigrant population based on a 1974 survey (the questionnarie is included in the appendix) of 349 Arab-Canadian respondents, living in Montreal and Toronto and on five years of participant observation in Arab-Canadian communities across Canada. Ninety percent of Arab Canadians live in the provinces of Quebec or Ontario. Baha Abu-Laban focuses on the historical background of Arab Canadians, immigration and settlement patterns, ethnic stereotypes, economic adaptation, secular and religious institutions, and cultural identity. Sharon McIrvin Abu-Laban has written a chapter on the family. Arab Canadians have been successful in Canada and have assimilated by and large, although they do maintain their ethnic identity through church, mosque, social clubs, and newspapers.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nc05-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 243-252)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1974-1978

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Sociologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1882-1978

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Arabs--Canada


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