Book

Gubida illness and religious ritual among the Garifuna of Santa Fe, Honduras: an ethnopsychiatric analysis

University Microfilms InternationalAnn Arbor, Mich. • Published In 1989 • Pages:

By: Bianchi, Cynthia Chamberlain.

Abstract
This is a detailed study of an illness called HASANDIGUBIDA, believed by the Garifuna to be caused by the spirits of dead relatives. The author points out that while this illness seems to cross-cut various biomedical classifications of disorder, there is a strong indication that the characteristic behavioral symptoms of this 'disease' are culturally patterned, especially in regard to the stereotypical dreams and visions involving dead relatives demanding food and sacrifices. Failure to heed these demands would result in physical symptoms characteristic of the HASANDIGUBIDA illness, which seem to express somaticized anxiety. This condition may be viewed as a culture-bound reactive syndrome (p. 2). As background material to this study, Bianchi provides relevant theoretical data on possession states and therapeutic rituals, as well as on the physical environment, social organization, culture history, and religion. She then goes into great detail on the illness itself, the CHUGU and DUGU rituals of placation, and on concomitant possession trances accompanying these rituals.
Subjects
Theoretical orientation in research and its results
Religious denominations
Dance
History
Cult of the dead
Magical and mental therapy
Theory of disease
Shamans and psychotherapists
Medical care
Household
Burial practices and funerals
Mourning
culture
Garifuna
HRAF PubDate
2005
Region
Middle America and the Caribbean
Sub Region
Central America
Document Type
Book
Evaluation
Ethnologist-5
Analyst
John Beierle ; 1989-1991
Coverage Date
1976-1983
Coverage Place
Santa Fe, Honduras
Notes
[by] Cynthia Chamberlain Bianchi
UM8820253
Includes bibliographical references (p. 372-387)
Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Columbus, Ohio State University, 1988
LCSH
Garifuna (Caribbean people)