book chapter

The Gilyak, Orochi, Goldi, Negidal, Ainu: articles and materials

Dal'gizKhabarovsk • Published In 1933 • Pages:

By: Shternberg, Lev IAkovlevich, Bromwich, Leo, Ward, Norbert.

Abstract
Shternberg's work is the most valuable ethnographical account on the Gilyak available. It describes religion, economy, and material culture - the latter somewhat sketchily - as well as changes due to Chinese trading activity and Russian colonisation. A greater part of the book, however, contains a detailed description and analysis of Gilyak kinship terminology and marriage rules. The analysis and succeeding conclusions on the development of Gilyak social organization are made in an effort to verify Engels' theory on the evolution of human society. Though of little objective value this analysis is of interest for the student of history of ethnological theory. The fact that the articles contained in this book were written at different points of time may account for inconsequences and contradictions in the ethnographical descriptions. Only from chapter XIV on does it become obvious that the first part of the book gives a strongly idealized picture of conditions among the Gilyak. The second part of the book discusses conditions actually witnessed by the author. In the forty pages introduction the editor (1933-Stalinistic era) judges Shternberg's work and personality from the Marxist viewpoint.
Subjects
Cultural identity and pride
Settlement patterns
Mythology
Spirits and gods
Athletic sports
Games
Sexual stimulation
Music
External relations
Kin relationships
Kinship terminology
Accumulation of wealth
Regulation of marriage
Polygamy
Kinship regulation of sex
Family relationships
Extramarital sex relations
Organized ceremonial
Prayers and sacrifices
Lineages
Gift giving
Judicial authority
Slavery
Informal in-group justice
Revelation and divination
Burial practices and funerals
Ethnobotany
Ethnozoology
External trade
History
Acculturation and culture contact
culture
Nivkh
HRAF PubDate
2010
Region
Asia
Sub Region
North Asia
Document Type
book chapter
Evaluation
Ethnologist-5
Analyst
Sigrid Khera ; 1967
Coverage Date
1890-1930
Coverage Place
lower Amur River and Sakhalin Island, Russia
Notes
Lev IAkovlevich Shternberg ; Edited and preface by IA. P. Al'Kor (Koshkin)
Translation of: [Giliaki, orochi, gol'dy, negidal'tsy, ainy; stati i materialy]
Translated for the HRAF files by Leo Bromwich and Norbert Ward, and prepared for HRAF by Joan Verosky
Only pages 1-388, mainly concerning the Gilyak are included
LCCN
51052853
LCSH
Gilyaks