The Natchez were the last Mississippian mound building culture, surviving into the historical period, when they were found settled mainly in southwestern Mississippi. A two-level, quadripartite-ranked society of nobles and commoners with class exogamy and generational rank demotion was headed from Grand Village by the co-chiefs called the Great Sun and the Tattooed Serpent. The Natchez sustained themselves by growing maize and vegetables, and by hunting and fishing. Conflict with French colonists resulted in their disappearance as an independent polity by 1735.
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North America --Eastern Woodlands
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