The Hazaras are one of the largest ethnic groups in Afghanistan, comprising about 20 percent of the population. Hazaras also live in Iran and Pakistan. Historically they were associated with the Hazarajat of central Afghanistan. Most Hazaras are Shia Muslims. Their language is a dialect of Persian. Hazaras and Pashtuns are historical enemies. In medieval times the Hazaras were mainly dependent on animal husbandry, but in modern times they became more dependent on agriculture. Carpets, gilams, and more recently [until the recent fighting] woven gloves and mittens have been produced for western consumption. Wheat is the main cash crop, although poplar trees, used in construction, have been grown as a cash crop.
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Asia --Central Asia
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The Hazara file consists only of this culture summary. The article was commissioned by HRAF in 2001.