Turney-High, Harry Holbert, 1899-1982. Ethnography of the Kutenai

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I: Preface

Ii: The Kutenai's Identity

The Origin And Meaning Of The Tribal Name

The Bands And Their Histories

Iii: The Kutenai Range

Iv: Subsistence

Vegetable Foods

Mammal Hunting

Bird Hunting


The Economics Of Meat

The Food Quest's Seasonal Round

V: Housing

The Upper Kutenai Skin Tipi

The Upper Kutenai Long House

Camp Arrangement

Lower Kutenai Housing

The Subterranean Lodge

The Sweat Lodge

Vi: Transportation And Domestic Animals

Foot Transportation

Water Transport

Land Transportation

The Dog

The Horse

Vii: Techniques, Industries, And Skills




Wooden Containers

Skin Dressing


The Bow



Minor Weapons

Lithic Industry

Fire Making

Viii: Dress, Ornament, And Cosmetic







Ix: Knowledge And The Arts


The Time Count

The Weather

Control And Prediction Of Fortune

Pharmacy And Medicine




Song 1. A Crazy Dog Song

Song 2. Grizzly Bear Dance

Song 3. Shaman Treating The Sick

Song 4. Song Of The Erection Of The Sun Dance Lodge

Song 5. A Personal Medicine Song

Song 6. Recruiting Song

Song 7. A Personal Medicine Song

Song 8-a. Song Of First Gambler

Song 8-b. Song Of Second Gambler

X: Life Cycle Of The Individual

Pregnancy, Birth, And Infancy

Adoption And Fostering

Naming System

Childhood And Youth

Puberty And Adulthood


Xi: Society

Daily Life

Etiquette And Hospitality

Sex, Marriage, And The Family

Extra-marital Sex Expression

Courtship And Betrothal

The Kin

Kustata's Genealogy

Persons In Chief Kustata's Relationship

Great Grandparental Generation

Grandparental Generation

Parental Generation

Ego's Generation

Filial Generation

Grandfilial Generation

Great Grandfilial Generation

Kinship Terminology

Kinship Terms

Kin Practices

The Chieftainship

Rank And Class

Lower Kutenai Chieftainship

Social Control


The Crazy Dog Society

The Crazy Owl Society

The Shamans' Society


Recreational Dances



Xii: Religion


Medicine Bundles

Talking To Animals


The Sweat Bath

Economic Ceremonials

The Sun Dance

The Grizzly Bear Dance

The Fir Tree Ceremony

The Midwinter Festival

The Bluejay Dance

Daily Prayers

Xiii: Language And Communication

Xiv: Principles Of Economics


Xv: Epilogue

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ethnography of the Kutenai

Published By: Original publisher Menasha, Wis.: American Anthropological Association. 1941. 202 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Harry Holbert Turney-High

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2018. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kutenai (NF08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Location (131); Topography and geology (133); Fauna (136); Flora (137); Traditional history (173); Fowling (223); Hunting and trapping (224); Fishing gear (227); Domesticated animals (231); Dwellings (342); Diet (262); Work in skins (281); Cordage (283); Mats and basketry (285); Normal garb (291); Ceramic technology (323); Settlement patterns (361); Weapons (411); Utensils (415); Animal transport (492); Boats (501); Daily routine (512); Athletic sports (526); Music (533); Personal names (551); Sodalities (575); Arranging a marriage (584); Kinship terminology (601); Community heads (622); Local officials (624); Public welfare (657); Sex and marital offenses (684); Warfare (726); Revelation and divination (787); Ordering of time (805); Ethnometeorology (821); Childbirth (844); Transmission of cultural norms (867); ;

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This major ethnography is based largely on interviews with eighteen Kutenai informants. The wide range of topics considered include: life cycle events, kinship, political organization, warfare, religion, arts, subsistence, housing, transportation, technology, and dress and ornaments.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nf08-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Supplement to American Anthropologist, v. 43, no. 2, pt. 2.

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1939-1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2017

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1939-1940

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Lincoln county, Montana and Boundary county, Idaho, United States; southeastern British Columbia, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kootenai Indians


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