Whitten, Norman E.. Sicuanga Runa: the other side of development in Amazonian Ecuador

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Sicuanga Runa

Nueva Esperanza, 1968

Chapter 1 Introduction

Growth And Development

Chapter 2 Amazonia And The Ecuadorian Nation

Amazonia: Its Center And Rim

River Sea And Floodplain

Forest And Swidden

Amazonian “development”

Ecuador, 1961–81

Nayapi Llacta/nueva Esperanza

Social And Ethnic Structure Of Ecuador

A Framework For Anthropological Analysis

Political Economy And The Frontier

Power, Cultural Consistency, And Social Reproduction

Chapter 3 Social Organization

Segmentary Unity

Sacha And Chagra




A Model Of Generational Mobility And Ethnic Structure

Generation I

Generation Ii

Generation Iii

Generation Iv


Nucleated Divisiveness

Social And Ethnic Structure

Huayulumba Supai

Social Organization And Social Praxis



Nueva Esperanza As A Social System

Chapter 4 Beauty, Knowledge, And Vision


Knowledge, Vision, Thought, And Reflection

Parallel Transmission Of Cultural Knowledge

Paradigm Of Ecological Imagery

Visionary Experiences



Brief Cases

The Characters

Taruga's Dream

Taruga's Trip To Visit Rodrigo Andi

Sicuanga's Journey With Huanduj Supai

Public Dimensions Of Private Imagery

Chapter 5 Duality Of Power Patterning


Conceptualizing Power In Amazonian Ecuador

Socioeconomic History Of Ethnic Asymmetry


Ceremonial Enactment: Release And Control Of Power

Ayllu Festival

Marta Prepares For A Festival In Nuevo Mundo

Feminine Enactment

The Communication Of Power

Chapter 6 Protest And The Structure Of Antinomy

Ama Shua! Ama Quilla! Ama Llulla!

The National Paradigm Of El Puyo

Political-economic Antinomy: Power And Protest Among The Puyo Runa

Epochalism And Essentialism

Doce De Mayo

Nayapi Llacta/nueva Esperanza, May 22, 1982

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sicuanga Runa: the other side of development in Amazonian Ecuador

Published By: Original publisher Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 1985. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c1985. Description: xi, 314 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Norman E. Whitten, Jr.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Canelos Quichua (SD18)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Revelation and divination (787); Spirits and gods (776); Life history materials (159); Ceramic technology (323); Glossary (104); Ingroup antagonisms (578);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph focuses primarily on the site of Nayapi Llacta/Nueva Esperanza (pseudonym for a composite of three hamlets) in Ecuador in order to explore the theme of the duality of power patterning in the community. In general this book is about a couple of hundred people whose lifeways reflect remarkable consistency in a situation characterized by radical change, It is about people who participate in a subsistence economy and in a market economy, who live in both dispersed and nucleated residential patterns, who speak two (and sometimes three) languages, who may be seen as assimilating to modern Ecuadorian ways, and who are developing into a militant ethnic bloc. It is about a people who, like other people, become ensnared in binding sociopolitical networks generated by negotiation, transaction and various forms of attachment, and about a people who act so as to cut the the very bonds that imprison them. This book is, above all else, about a people who maintain a capacity to respond--a power--based in internal integrity (or structure) and on adaptability. It is about cultural continuity: it explores the nature of contradiction and antinomy in social life and seeks to contribute to a theory of power-- to understand the ability to carry out one's will, despite resistance (p. 19). Each of the above factors are discussed in detail in the text, with comparisons made to the more urban town of Puyo.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sd18-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 283-300) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1961-1982

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 2009

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1968-1983

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nayapi Llacta/Nueva Esperanza (pseudonym), near Puyo, Pastaza province, Ecuador

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Canelo Indians//Indians of South America--Ecuador--Ethnic identity//Power (Social sciences) Ecuador--Ethnic relations//Amazon River Region--Ethnic relations


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