Gustafsson, Berit. Houses and ancestors: continuities and discontinuities in in leadership among the Manus

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

2 Moen Palit

The Transformation Of The Old Moen Palit

Palit

Sorcerers

The Transformation Of A Person's Status After Death.

Illness As A Sanction Inflicted By Moen Palit

Rituals Performed In Relation To Illness

Usiai Magicians

Untitled Section: ...

3 The Creation Of Leadership Positions

Exchanges On The Local Level

Goods Obtained Through Sea-trade

The Domestic Community

The Relationship Between Brother And Sister

Marriage

The Talis And Their Leaders, The Lapans

The Creation Of Leadership Positions Outside The Sphere Of The Tali

The Force Behind The Distributions Of Wealth

The Creation Of Leadership Positions

4 Political And Social Changes After The Pacific War

The Paliau Movement

The Notion Of Thinkthink

The Noise

The Establishment Of A New Leadership

5 The Reorganization Of The Villages On M'buke

The Reorganization Of Village Life

The Local Government Council

The Leadership Of The Cooperative And The Local Government Council

The ‘second Cult’

6 The Introduction Of A Provincial Government

Developments On M'buke, After The Introduction Of The Community Government

Win Neisen And Community Government

7 Political Economy Of M'buke Island

Community Work

‘ Line ’

The Legal System Of Local Government Council

Village Life Outside The Organization Of The Local Government Council

Win Neisen

Political Economy Of M'buke Island

Untitled Section: ...

8 The Tali

The Tali Leaders, The Lapans

Rituals Performed At Marriage

Ceremonies Performed In Relation To Death

Exchanges In Relation To Birth

The Transformation Of Spiritual Power To The Lapan

9 Conclusion

Political And Social Changes After The Ending Of The Pacific War

Cargo Cults

The Introduction Of The Provincial Government

The Tali Unit

The Members Of The Paliau Movement And Of Win Neisen

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Houses and ancestors: continuities and discontinuities in in leadership among the Manus

Published By: Original publisher Göteborg: IASSA. 1992. ix, 285 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Berit Gustafsson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Manus (OM06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Gift giving (431); Lineages (613); Status, role, and prestige (554); Political movements (668); Spirits and gods (776); Theological systems (779); Religious denominations (795);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this study of Melanesian leadership, Gustafsson critiques the two widely-held views that i) the traditional leader, or so-called 'Big Man,' was a pure entrepreneur manipulating the system for his own gain and ii) that the traditional leadership system was changed forever by the Paliau Movement. Gustafsson argues that there were two traditional leadership systems. Besides Big Men, there were LAPAN who were lineage (TALI) leaders and whose main role was to serve the lineage. The authority of the LAPAN was sanctioned by ancestral spirits (MOEN PALIT) and maintained through prestations and lineage control of resources. According to Gustafsson only a LAPAN had the resources and prestige to become a Big Man. The Paliau Movement did away with the system of prestations undermining the Big Man system. Influenced by Christianity, it also transformed the MOEN PALIT into a universal god, WIN NEISEN. However the Movement did not change the village and lineage structure. The LAPAN remained the local leader and assumed a new role as elected official in the local government council.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 10

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. om06-010

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral--University of Gothenburg), 1993 Includes bibliographical references (p. 276-280)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1990-1992

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2004

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1884-1992

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) M'buke Island, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Manus (Papua New Guinea people)

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