Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Houses and ancestors: continuities and discontinuities in in
leadership among the Manus
Published By: Original publisher
Göteborg: IASSA. 1992. ix, 285 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Gift giving (431);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Political movements (668);
Spirits and gods (776);
Theological systems (779);
Religious denominations (795);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In this study of Melanesian leadership, Gustafsson
critiques the two widely-held views that i) the traditional leader, or so-called 'Big Man,'
was a pure entrepreneur manipulating the system for his own gain and ii) that the
traditional leadership system was changed forever by the Paliau Movement. Gustafsson argues
that there were two traditional leadership systems. Besides Big Men, there were LAPAN who
were lineage (TALI) leaders and whose main role was to serve the lineage. The authority of
the LAPAN was sanctioned by ancestral spirits (MOEN PALIT) and maintained through
prestations and lineage control of resources. According to Gustafsson only a LAPAN had the
resources and prestige to become a Big Man. The Paliau Movement did away with the system of
prestations undermining the Big Man system. Influenced by Christianity, it also transformed
the MOEN PALIT into a universal god, WIN NEISEN. However the Movement did not change the
village and lineage structure. The LAPAN remained the local leader and assumed a new role
as elected official in the local government council.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Originally presented as the author's thesis
(doctoral--University of Gothenburg), 1993 Includes bibliographical references (p. 276-280)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
M'buke Island, Manus Province, Papua New
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Manus (Papua New Guinea people)