Whiteley, Peter M.. Deliberate acts: changing Hopi culture through thr Oraibi split

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction: The Question And Its Context

I Oraibi Society

2 Currents Of History

Oraibi In Prehistory

The Spanish Period: 1540–1821

The Mexican Period: 1821–46

The Anglo-american Period: 1846–82

3 Oraibi Society In The Late Nineteenth Century

Foregrounding The Signifier

General Social Structure

Kinship And Residence Units

The Household

The Lineage

The Clan


The Oraibi Economy

The Ritual Structure

Religious Societies

Kiva Groups

Political Organization

4 From Oraibi To Bacavi

Education And Allotment

H. R. Voth, Mennonite Missionary

Continuing Factionalism And The Division Of The Ritual Order

The Smallpox Epidemic

Superintendent Burton And The Reestablishment Of The Moqui Agency


Changes In Factional Leadership

Navajos And Traders

The Second Mesa Hostiles Move To Oraibi

The Commissioner Visits

The Split

The Government's Response

The Returned Hostiles

Ii Bacavi Society

5 Demography, Human Geography, And Economy


Changing Human Geography


Historical Demography

The Changing Economy

The Contemporary Economic Structure

The Decline Of Agriculture

Gardening And Orchards

Sheep, Cattle, And Hunting-gathering

Employment And The Cash Economy


Founding A New Land Base

Early Economy

6 Kinship And Social Structure

The Sexual Division Of Labor In Hopi Social Structure


Lineage, Clan, And Phratry

Kinship Behavior

Marriage Patterns

7 Ritual, Politics, And Some Broader Contexts

Contemporary Ceremonial Patterns

Bacavi's Changing Ceremonial Patterns

Political Structure

Political History

Impinging Institutions

The Missionary Effort


Intervillage Relations At Third Mesa And The “traditional”—“progressive” Question

Bacavi's Changes: Points Of Emphasis

Iii Interpretations

8 Hopi Analysis And Anthropological Analysis

Anthropological Analyses Of The Oraibi Split

Sociological Determinism

Material Determinism

Acculturative Pressure

Hopi Analyses Of The Split

Published Hopi Accounts

Documentary Sources

The Interpretive Context

The Nature Of Political Decision Making

The Prophecy

Post-split Third Mesa Society And The Hopi Analysis




The Hopi Analysis: Synopsis

9 Intentional Actors And Sociocultural Interpretation

Iv Reference Material

Appendix I

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4

Appendix 5

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Deliberate acts: changing Hopi culture through thr Oraibi split

Published By: Original publisher Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 1988. xxi, 373 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Peter M. Whiteley

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Household (592); Community heads (622); Public welfare (657); Public education (658); Political parties (665); Education system (871); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Drawing on oral accounts from Hopi informants and on contemporary (1980s) documents, Whiteley's focus in this book is on the Oraibi split of 1906 in which "traditional" Hopis separated themselves from "progressives" establishing in turn the new settlements of Hotevilla, and later Bacavi. The author argues that the split was in fact the result of a conspiracy among Hopi politico-religious leaders from both factions to overturn the allegedly corrupt Oraibi religious order. Using as an example the settlement of Bacavi, Whiteley's analysis of the social structure seems to demonstate "…how one fragment of a well-established society went about creating a new social order after the old one drastically fragmented" (overleaf).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 50

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-050

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 331-363) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1980-1986

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 1999

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1900 - 1980s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Oraibi and Bacavi pueblos, Third Mesa, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians


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