Stephen, Alexander MacGregor, -1894. Hopi journal of Alexander M. Stephen

Table of Contents

Publication Information

[hopi Journal Of Alexander M. Stephen Part I -- Title Added By Hraf]

Winter Solstice Ceremony (shoya'lûña).

Introductory Note

Journal 1891

Tuesday, December 22

Journal 1892

Tuesday, December 6

Wednesday, December 7

Friday, December 9

Saturday, December 10

Wednesday, December 14

Thursday, December 15, Ii Day

Friday, December 16, Iii Day

Saturday, December 17, Iv Day

Sunday, December 18, V Day

Monday, December 19, Vi Day

Tuesday, December 20, Vii Day

Wednesday, December 21, Viii Day

Thursday, December 22, Ix Day

Journal 1893

December 6

December 10

December 11

December 15, Yü'ñya, I Day

December 18, Toto'kya, Iv Day

December 19, Ti'hü, V Day

December 20, Vi Day

December 21, Vii Day

December 23, Ix Day

Warrior Prayer-stick Making (kale'tak Pa'hola'lauwû)

Introductory Note

Journal 1892

Monday, December 26.

Tuesday, December 27

Journal 1893

December 27

December 28.

War Dance 1

War Practices

Winter Prayer-stick Making Of The Snake-antelope Societies Or Of The Flute Society

Introductory Note

Journal 1893 Snake-antelope Prayer-stick Doing (making) (chü'chübt˘i Pa'ho La'lalauwû)

Friday, January 6 4

Journal 1894 Flute Prayer-stick Making (lelen Pa'hola'lauwû)

January 16

January 21

Kachina Return

Introductory Note

Journal 1893

January 6

Journal 1894

January 21, Sunday

Monday, January 22

Wednesday, January 24

Friday, January 26

Before Powa'mû

Introductory Note


Buffalo Dance (müshai'zrü Ti'vani)

January 7, 1893

January 9, 1893 — January 26, 1893

Monday, January 9

Wednesday, January 11

Thursday, January 12

Sunday, January 15

Tuesday, January 17

Wednesday, January 18

Thursday, January 19

Sunday, January 22

Tuesday, January 24

Thursday, January 26

Friday, January 27

Girl's Adolescence Ceremony 3 January 24–28, 1893

Saturday, January 28

1893 January 28 — February 7

Sunday, January 29

Monday, January 30

Tuesday, January 31

Wednesday, February 1

Saturday, February 4

Tuesday, February 7

Journal, 1894

Zigzag Dance By Children

January 9

Yo'we Kachina Goes Around

January 18

Musical Grinding Party


Introductory Note

Journal 1893

January 15

Thursday, January 19

Friday, January 20

Saturday, January 21

Sunday, January 22

Monday, January 23

Tuesday, January 24

Wednesday, January 25

Thursday, January 26

Saturday, January 28

Sunday, January 29, Yü'ñya, Assembly

Monday, January 30, Shüshta'la, I Day

Tuesday, January 31, Lüsh'tala, Ii Day

Wednesday, February 1, Pa˘ish'tala, Iii Day

Thursday, February 2, Na'lüshta'la, Iv Day

Friday, February 3, Shüshta'la, Soshkah˘imü, First Day, All Do Nothing.

Saturday, February 4, Komo'ktoto'kya, Wood Carrying Sleeps

Sunday, February 5, Toto'kya, Sleeps

Monday, February 6, Pi'gûmnove, Porridge Feast

Tuesday, February 7

Wednesday, February 8

Journal 1894

January 21

February 22

February 24

Journal 1892

February 2

February 17

February 18

Journal 1888

January 31

February 1

Kick-ball Races, Hunting, And Other Matters

Introductory Note

Journal 1893

Wednesday, February 8

Thursday, February 9

Friday, February 10

Sunday, February 12

Monday, February 13

Wednesday, February 15

Thursday, February 16

Saturday, February 18

Sunday, February 19

Monday, February 20

Tuesday, February 21

Wednesday, February 22

Thursday, February 23

Friday, February 24

Saturday, February 25

February 24, 25, 26, 27

Tuesday, February 28

Wednesday, March 1

Thursday, March 2

Monday, March 6

Tuesday, March 7

Wednesday, March 8

Monday, March 20

Tuesday, March 21

Sunday, March 26

Wednesday, March 19

Thursday, March 30

Saturday, April 1

Horned Water Serpent Dance (pa'lülükoñt˘i) 1

Introductory Note

Journal 1893

Sunday, February 12

Thursday, February 16

Friday, February 17

Saturday, February 18

Friday, February 24

Saturday, February 25

Sunday, February 26

Monday, February 27

Tuesday, February 28

Journal 1894

Monday, March 5

March 16

Journal 1892

Thursday, March 3

March 4

Kachina Dances Of Spring And Early Summer

Introductory Note

Journal April 6 — July 9, 1893

Thursday, April 6

Friday, April 7

Saturday, April 8

Sunday, April 9

Monday, April 10

Wednesday, April 12

Thursday, April 13

Friday, April 14

Sunday, April 16

Wednesday, April 19

Sunday, April 23

Tuesday, April 25

Wednesday, April 26

May 1

May 6

May 9 To May 13

Sunday, May 14

Monday, May 15

Sunday, May 21

Monday, May 22

Thursday, May 25

Saturday, May 27

Tewa Plant Prayer-stick Making 1

Sunday, May 28

May 29, Monday

June 2

June 3

June 4

June 22

June 23, 24, 25

June 25

June 26

July 1

July 2

July 6

July 7

July 8

July 9

Journal 1892

March 12

March 21

Saturday, May 28

Saturday, June 25

Sunday, June 26

Tuesday, June 28

Note On Sio Pawi'k (zuñi Duck) Kachina 1

Wednesday, June 29

Thursday, June 30

Friday, July 1

Saturday, July 2

Journal 1891

Saturday, May 16

Wa'wash Kachina

Hüm'is Kachina

Sunday, May 17

July 4

July 5

July 11

July 16

Untitled Section: ...

July 23

Nima'n Kachina

Introductory Note

Journal 1893 July 14–24

July 14

July 15

July 16

July 17

July 18, Iv Day

July 19, V Day

July 20, Vi Day

July 21, Vii Day

July 22, Viii Day

July 23, Ix Day

July 24, X Day

1892 July 6–22

July 6

Friday, July 8

Saturday, July 9

Sunday, July 10

July 11

Tuesday, July 12

Aña'kchina At Tewa

Wednesday, July 13, I Day Nima'n

Aña'kchina (continued)

Thursday, July 14, Ii Day

Aña'kchina By Zuñi Visitors

Friday, July 15, Iii Day

Saturday, July 16, Iv Day

Sunday, July 17, V Day

Monday, July 18, Vi Day

Tuesday, July 19, Vii Day

Wednesday, July 20, Viii Day

Thursday, July 21, Ix Day

Friday, July 22, X Day

Journal 1891

Monday, July 27

Moisture Moon Prayer-stick Making 1893

July 31

Snake-antelope Ceremony

Introductory Note

Journal 1885

Monday, August 17

Tuesday, August 18

Wiki Talks

Journal 1887


Saturday, August 10

Sunday, August 11

Friday, August 16

Saturday, August 17

Journal 1891

Wednesday, August 12

Thursday, August 13, I Day

Friday, August 14, Ii Day

Saturday, August 15, Iii Day

Sunday, August 16, Iv Day

Monday, August 17, V Day

Tuesday, August 18, Vi Day

Wednesday, August 19, Vii Day

Thursday, August 20, Viii Day.

Friday, August 21, Ix Day

Saturday, August 22

Initiation Of Novice 2

Journal 1893

July 28

July 29

Sunday, August 6, I Day

Monday, August 7, Ii Day

Tuesday, August 8, Iii Day

August 9, Iv Day

August 10, Thursday, V Day

Friday, August 11, Vi Day

Saturday, August 12, Vii Day

Sunday, August 13, Viii Day

Monday, August 14, Ix Day

August 15, X Day

Ko'pel˘i Talks, Wü R Wü R Yûm Lavai'ita, Old Men's Speech, Tradition January, 1893

Snake Songs (chü'a Ta'wi)

Ho'ñi Talks, May 25, 1893

Wiki Talks, August 7, 1885

At Shipau'lovi, 1892

Wednesday, August 17, I Day

Thursday, August 18, Ii Day

Friday, August 19, Iii Day

Saturday, August 20, Iv Day

Sunday, August 21, V Day

Monday, August 22, Vi Day

August 23, Vii Day

Wednesday, August 24, Viii Day

Thursday, August 25, Ix Day

Friday, August 26, X Day

Sikya'piki Talks

Hopi Journal Of Alexander M. Stephen [part Ii]

Untitled Section: ...

Flute Ceremony

Introductory Note

Journal 1892

Friday, August 5, I Day

Saturday, August 6, Ii Day

Sunday, August 7, Iii Day

Monday, August 8, Iv Day

August 9, V Day

August 10, Vi Day

August 11, Vii Day

August 12, Viii Day

August 13, Ix Day

Soma'koli Prayer-stick Making

Introductory Note

Journal 1893

August 6

Journal 1892

Friday, July 29

Tuesday, August 2

Death And Burial 1

August 2, 1893

Earlier Notes

Note On Zuñi Burial Practices 1

Lalakon Ceremony

Introductory Note

Journal 1892

Friday, August 26, I Day

Saturday, August 27, Ii Day

Sunday, August 28, Iii Day

Monday, August 29, Iv Day

Tuesday, August 30, V Day

Wednesday, August 31, Vi Day

Thursday, September 1, Vii Day

Friday, September 2, Viii Day

Journal 1893

September 9, Viii Day

September 10, Ix Day

October 30

Journal 1889

Saturday, September 7

Sunday, September 8


Assemblage At Tewa, 1893

August 25

Sikya'honauûh Gives A Treatment, 1894

February 6

Mamzrau Ceremony

Introductory Note

Journal 1891


September 22, Tuesday

September 23, Wednesday, I Day

Thursday, September 24, Ii Day

Friday, September 25, Iii Day

Saturday, September 26, Iv Day

Sunday, September 27, V Day

Monday, September 28, Vi Day

Tuesday, September 29, Vii Day

Wednesday, September 30, Viii Day

Thursday, October 1, Ix Day

Friday, October 2

Journal 1892

Monday, September 19, I Day

Tuesday, September 20, Ii Day

Wednesday, September 21, Iii Day

Thursday, September 22, Iv Day

September 23, V Day

Saturday, September 24, Vi Day

September 25, Sunday, Vii Day

Monday, September 26, Viii Day

Tuesday, September 27, Ix Day

Wednesday, September 28

Sikya'piki Talks

W˘e'h˘e Visits

Journal 1893

September 23

September 23, 24, 25, 26, 27

October 1, Ix Day

Kachina Dance At Tewa September 20, 1893

September 20

September 22

October 1–31, 1892

October 1, Saturday

Sunday, October 2

Tuesday, October 4

Wednesday, October 5

Friday, October 7

Saturday, October 8

Tuesday, October 11

Wednesday, October 19

Thursday, October 20

Monday, October 24

Tuesday, October 25

Thursday, October 27

Friday, October 28

Monday, October 31

October 2—30, 1893

Untitled Section: ...

October 2

October 11

Meeting Of Chiefs

Naash'naiya (wü'wüch˘im)

Introductory Note

Journal 1891

Monday, November 9

Tuesday, November 10, I Day

Wednesday, November 11, Ii Day

Thursday, November 12, Iii Day

Friday, November 13, Iv Day

Saturday, November 14, V Day

Sunday, November 15, Vi Day

Monday, November 16, Vii Day

Tuesday, November 17, Viii Day

Wednesday, November 18, Ix Day

Salt Trip, Killing Masau'wüh, Mourning, Marriages, Rabbit Hunting, Shrines, Ya'yatü Society, First American Visitors, Navajo Fights, Digging Wild Potatoes, And Other Matters


October 19


October 30

Note By Editor

November 10

November 20

1892 November 18 — December 13

Friday, November 18

Saturday, November 19

Sunday, November 20.

Monday, November 21

Tuesday, November 22

Wednesday, November 23

Thursday, November 24

Friday, November 25

Saturday, November 26

Sunday, November 27

Saturday, December 3

Sunday, December 4

Tuesday, December 6

Wednesday, December 7

Thursday, December 8

Saturday, December 10

Sunday, December 11

Monday, December 12

Tuesday, December 13

1893 October 27 — November 29

October 27

October 29

No Vember 7

November 8

November 10

November 29


1. Moons And Seasons: Months And Ceremonials: Ceremonial Day Count: Hours

Tewa Moon Terms 1

Ceremonial Day Count


2. Kin And Clan 1

Kin List Of Kinship Terms

Applications Of Terms

From The Genealogy Of Sha'lako (i):

From The Genealogy Of Si'mo (ii), With Note On The Succession To The Town Chieftaincy:

From Other Genealogical References In The Journal

To Kachina And Other Supernaturals

As Terms Of Courtesy

Genealogies And Ceremonial Functions

Behaviour Of Kindred

January 20, 1894.

Clan Clan Terms

List Of Hopi Clans Of First Mesa (1892)

Lists Of Clan Names 7

Ceremonial Aspects Of Clanship

Relations Of Clans To Ti'ponis And Other Ritual Paraphernalia

Clan Custody Of Ceremonial Places

Relations Of Clans To The Kachina Cult

Special Ritual Functions Of Clans

Houses And Lands

Miscellaneous Notes On Clans

Note On Clans Of Second Mesa

3. List Of Townspeople.

4. List Of Kachinas Of First Mesa 1

5. Place Names And References

6. Kivas

Miscellaneous Notes On Kivas

Chief Kiva


Halfway Kiva (nasha'bki)

Goat Kiva

Oak Mound Kiva

Young Corn Mound Kiva


Disused Kivas

Kivas On Second And Third Mesas

7. Oraibi And Shüno'pov˘i

Historical Legend


Ii 1

8. Note On Weaving And Dyeing 1

February 17, 1893.

February 19.

February 22.


9. Note On Pottery Making

10. Colour Directions, Sex In Colours, Pigments 1

11. Bake House (tûmcho'kob˘i)





Cross References

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Hopi journal of Alexander M. Stephen

Published By: Original publisher New York: AMS Press. [1969]. 2 v. (lii, 1417 p.) ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Edited by Elsie Clews Parsons

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sacred objects and places (778); (79); Representative art (532); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Ethnobotany (824); Ethnozoology (825); Dance (535); Music (533); Drama (536); Sodalities (575); Hunting and trapping (224); History (175);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source consists of the published version of the notebooks of Stephen's systematic observations of Hopi ceremonial activities during the 1880s and 1890s. The introduction to the source by editor Parsons provides background on Stephen's work among the Hopi and on the Hopi themselves and neighboring Pueblo Indian groups. Stephen's observations focus on the towns of First Mesa and the time period between 1891 and his death in April of 1894. The ceremonial activities he describes include the Winter Solstice, Powa'mu initiation, Flute, Lalakon, and Mamzrau ceremonies and Horned Water Serpent and Kachina dances. In addition, he provides an account of Snake-Antelope ceremony at Shipaulovi in 1892 and information on Hopi ceremonialism dating back to 1882, the time at which he initiated his observations while working in connection with Mindeleff's (1886-1887) study of Hopi architecture. Stephen describes in great detail the timing, ritual actions, costumes, body decoration, and ritual paraphernalia of these ceremonial and dramatic performances and for this reason his notebooks constitute one of the most important sources of information on this aspect of Hopi culture. The source is all the more important because it is profusely illustrated with numerous plates and maps and hundreds of sketches and drawings. In addition, Stephen's notebooks include information on numerous other aspects of Hopi life at the end of the 19th century, Including sports and games, farming, hunting, burial customs, music, dance, decorative and representative art, mythology, religious beliefs, ethnometeorology, ethnogeography, ethnobotany, and ethnozoology. The notebooks also contain information on Hopi relations with other native groups and on the life and culture of those groups. In this regard, there is considerable information on the Tewa and to a lesser extent on the Navajo, Zuni, Taos, Keres, Acoma, and Laguna. Appendices provided by the editor and based on Stephen's notebooks include lists of Hopi and Tewa clans and their associated ceremonial activities, Hopi and Tewa Kachinas, place names, and kivas and information on Hopi weaving, pottery, color symbolism, and the secular and ceremonial calendar. An extensive and informative glossary is also included in the source.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 47

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-047

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Reprint of the 1936 ed. Includes bibliographical references (p. 1327-1330)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1881-1894

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Foreign Resident-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1880s-1890s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Hopi pueblos, First Mesa, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians


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