Bradfield, Maitland. The changing pattern of Hopi agriculture

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The changing pattern of Hopi agriculture

Published By: Original publisher London: Royal Anthropological Institute. 1971. [6], 66 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Maitland Bradfield

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Agricultural science (242); Tillage (241); Cereal agriculture (243); Land use (311); Topography and geology (133); Recording and collecting in the field (126); Flora (137); Climate (132); Soil (134);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is concerned with three questions relating to land use in the Oraibi valley: 1) what factors determine the location of Hopi agricultural fields? 2) what were the economic and social effects of the dissection of the wash below the village of Oraibi? and 3) what have been the long term effects on the pattern of land use in the valley of the introduction of draught animals and carts and tractors and pick-up trucks? The author answers the questions through a consideration of the topography, climate, soil, and vegetation of the Oraibi area, the Hopi land use pattern over time, and the causes and date of the dissection of the Oraibi valley. The author concludes that: 1) choice of field sites are determined by the availability of water in the form of surface run-off and the capacity of the subsoil to retain moisture; 2) the dissection of the wash below Oraibi was the immediate cause of the split at Oraibi in 1906; and 3) the introduction of draught animals in the late 19th century resulted in the clearing of new fields at greater distances from the village, the abandonment of marginal land, and the concentration of land holdings, a trend furthered by the introduction of tractors and pick-up trucks; the introduction of draught animals also reduced labor demands in agriculture and thereby opened the way for a great increase in sheep herding.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 30

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-030

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 64-66)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1966-1970

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1851-1970

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Oraibi Valley, Third Mesa, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians

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