Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-. Hopi kachina dolls: with a key to their identification

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. What Is A Kachina?

2. Making A Kachina Doll

3. Principal Features Of Kachina Dolls

4. Descriptions Of Kachina Dolls

1. Soyal Kachina Solstice Kachina

2. Ahöla The Germ God Kachina, Mong Kachina Or Chief Kachina

3. Ahöla Maid Germ God Maiden

4. Qaletaqa Warrior Kachina

5. Qöqlö

6. Mastof Kachina

7. Eototo Kachina Chief

8. Aholi Kachina Chief's Lieutenant

9. Kokosori

10. A-ha

11. A-ha Kachin-mana

12. Angwusnasomtaqa Or Tumas Crow Mother

13. Angwushahai-i Crow Bride

14. Hú Kachina Or Tungwup Whipper Kachina

15. Tungwup Ta-amu Green Faced Hu Kachina, Or Whipper Kachina's Uncle

16. Pachavu Hú Kachina Pachavu Whipper Kachina

17. Qalavi

18. Ongchoma Compassionate Kachina

19. Qöchaf Kachina Ashes Kachina

20. Chowilawu Terrific Power Kachina

21. Hé-é-e

22. Wuyak-ku-ita Broad-faced Kachina

23. Pachavuin Mana

24. Soyoko An Ogre Woman

25. Awatovi Soyok Wu-uti Awatovi Ogre Woman

26. Awatovi Soyoktaqa Awatovi Ogre Man

27. Soyok Mana

28. Atosle An Ogre

29. Nata-aska Black Ogre

30. Tahaum Soyoko The Black Ogre's Uncle

31. Wiharu White Ogre

32. Toson Koyemsi Mud Head Ogre

33. We-u-u

34. Heheya

35. Heheya Kachin-mana

36. Heheya-aumutaqa Heheya's Uncle

37. Chaveyo An Ogre Kachina

38. Powamui Kachina Bean Dance Kachina

39. Powamui So-aum Grandmother Of Powamui Kachinas

40. Hó-e Or Wó-e

41. Wupomo Kachina Long-billed Kachina

42. Tanakwewa

43. Ösökchina Cholla Cactus Kachina

44. Hahai-i Wu-uti Kachina Mother

45. Tsitoto Flower Kachina

46. Nakiachop Kachina Silent Kachina Or Salako Warrior

47. Wawarus Runners, A Class Of Kachinas

48. Aya A Runner

49. Wik-china Greasy Kachina, A Runner

50. Novantsi-tsiloaqa A Runner. “he Strips You”

51. Hömsona A Runner. “he Cuts Your Hair”

52. Puchkofmoktaqa A Runner. Scorpion Kachina Or Throwing Stick Man

53. Chöqapölö A Runner. Mud Kachina

54. Kopon Kachina A Runner. Globe Mallow Kachina

55. Sikyataqa A Runner. Red Fox Kachina

56. Kona A Runner. Chipmunk Kachina

57. Palavikuna Red Kilt Runner

58. Sivuftotovi A Runner. Dragon Fly Kachina

59. Koyemsi The Mud Head Clown

60. Paiyakyamu Or Hano Chukuwai-upkia Hano Clown Or Koshare

61. Piptuka A Clown

62. Tsuku Rio Grande Clown

63. Kaisale A Clown

64. Susöpa Cricket Kachina

65. Kokopölö Or Kokopelli Assassin Or Robber Fly Kachina Or Hump-backed Flute Player Kachina

66. Kokopölö Mana Or Kokopelmana Kokopelli Maiden

67. Momo Kachina Bumblebee Kachina

68. Tata-nga-ya Hornet Kachina

69. Manangya Kachina Lizard Kachina

70. Kahaila Turtle Kachina Of Second Mesa

71. Kwa Kachina Eagle Kachina

72. Kisa Prairie Falcon Kachina, A Runner

73. Palakwai Red-tailed Hawk Kachina

74. Turposkwa Canyon Wren Kachina

75. Pawik Kachina Duck Kachina

76. Tocha Hummingbird Kachina

77. Yapa Mockingbird Kachina

78. Mongwa Great Horned Owl Kachina

79. Mongwa Wu-uti Owl Woman Kachina

80. Hotsko Screech Owl Kachina

81. Salap Mongwa Timber Or Spruce Owl Kachina

82. Kowako Rooster Kachina

83. Laqan Squirrel Kachina

84. Tokoch Wildcat Kachina

85. Toho Mountain Lion Kachina

86. Kweo Wolf Kachina

87. Hon Kachina Bear Kachina

* 88. Ursisimu

89. Honan Kachina Badger Kachina

90. Chöf Kachina Antelope Kachina

91. Sowí-ing Kachina Deer Kachina

92. Pang Kachina Mountain Sheep Kachina

93. Mosairu Kachina Buffalo Kachina

94. Wakas Kachina Cow Kachina

95. Suy-ang-e-vif Left-handed Kachina

96. Wupá-ala Long-horned Kachina

97. Tukwünag Cumulus Cloud Kachina

98. Tukwünag Kachin-mana Cumulus Cloud Maiden

99. Nuvak-china Snow Kachina

100. Nuvak-chin-mana Snow Kachina Maiden

101. Horo Mana “comb Hair Upwards” Maiden

102. Wukoqötö Big Head Kachina

103. Hólolo

104. Ho-ó-te Or Ahote

105. Hó-te

106. Lenang Flute Kachina

107. Kwikwilyaqa Mocking Kachina

108. Talavai Kachina Early Morning Kachina

109. Navuk-china Prickly Pear Cactus Kachina

110. Ai Kachina Rattle Kachina

111. Ota Or Kwasa-itaqa Skirt Man

112. Tutumsi Or Komanchi Comanche Kachina

113. Hochani

114. Sivu-i-qiltaqa Pot Carrier Man Or Hand Kachina

115. Maswik Kachina

116. Maswik Kachin-mana Maswik Maiden

117. Salako Hopi Salako

118. Salako Mana Salako Maiden

119. Poli Kachina Butterfly Kachina

120. Polik Mana Or Palhik Mana Butterfly Kachina Maiden

121. Saviki

122. Avachhoya Or Qá-ö Spotted Corn Kachina

123. Masao Kachina Earth God Kachina

124. Masao Kachina-mana

125. Huhuwa Cross-legged Kachina

126. Katoch Ang-ak-china Barefoot Long-haired Kachina

127. Ang-ak-china Long-haired Kachina

128. Ang-chin Mana Or Qocha Mana White Corn Maiden

129. Takus Mana Yellow Corn Maiden

130. Malo Kachina

131. Niman Kachina Home Dance Kachina, A Class

132. Hemis Kachina Jemez Kachina

133. Hemis Kachin-mana Or Kachin-mana Kachina Maiden

134. Tunei-nili Small River Kachina

135. Qoia Or Kau-a Kachina

136. Qoia Kachin-mana

137. Tasaf Kachina Navajo Kachina

138. Tasaf Kachin-mana Navajo Kachina Maiden

139. Tasaf Yebitchai Kachina Navajo Talking God Kachina

140. Kipok Kachina War Kachina Leader

141. Tuma-öi White Chin Kachina

142. Kana Kachina Sunset Crater Kachina

143. Konin Kachina Supai Kachina

144. Tühavi Paralyzed Kachina

145. Kahaila Mad Kachina

146. Tawa Kachina Sun Kachina

147. Sohu Kachina Star Kachina

148. Na-ngasohu Kachina Chasing Star Or Planet Kachina

149. Navuk-china Cocklebur Kachina

150. Pautiwa Zuñi Sun God

151. Cholawitze Zuñi Fire God

152. Sip-ikne Zuñi Warrior Kachina

153. Hakto

154. Sai-astasana Or Hututu Zuñi Rain Priest Of The North

155. Sio Hemis Kachina Zuñi Jemez Kachina

156. Hoho Mana Zuñi Kachina Maiden

157. Sio Hemis Ta-amu Zuñi Kachina's Uncle

158. Sio Salako Zuñi Salako (male)

159. Sio Salako Mana Zuñi Salako Maiden

160. Chakwaina

161. Chakwaina Yu-adta Chakwaina's Mother

162. Chakwaina Sho-adta Chakwaina's Grandmother

163. Chakwaina Mana Chakwaina Maiden

164. Ahaoloni Or Ahülani First Mesa Solstice Kachina

165. Sakwap Mana Blue Corn Maiden

166. Sio Avachhoya Zuñi Corn Kachina

167. Chiwap Sand Kachina

168. Pahi-ala Three-horned Kachina

169. A Kwivi Kachina A Proud Kachina

170. Marao Kachina

171. Navan Kachina Velvet Shirt Kachina

172. Movitkuntaqa Yucca Skirt Man Or Yucca Kachina

173. Korosto

174. Piokot

175. Hututu

176. Samawutaqa

177. Loi-isa

178. Kwavonakwa A Kachina Maiden

179. Kahaila Kachin-mana Turtle Kachina Maiden

180. Pö-ökang Kwivi Kachina Proud War God Kachina

181. Kavai-i Kachina Horse Kachina

182. Tsil Kachina Chili Pepper Kachina

183. Kwitanonoa A Runner

184. Sakwats Mana A Runner Maiden

185. Hilili

186. Hototo

187. Rügan Rasp Kachina (a Class)

188. Muzribi Bean Kachina (a Rügan Kachina)

189. Söhönasomtaqa “man With Reeds Tied To”

*190. Gyarz Or Kyaro Or Kyash Kachina Parrot Kachina

191. Hano Mana Or Hokyana Mana Hano Long-haired Kachina Maiden

192. Hapóta

193. Hishab Kachina Mormon Tea (ephedra) Kachina

194. Mashanta Flower Kachina

*195. Lemowa Hail Kachina

196. Kawaika Kachina A Santo Domingo Kachina

197. Pash Kachina Field Kachina

198. Owa-ngaroro Mad Or Stone Eater Kachina

199. Nüitiwa Thrower Kachina

200. Nahó-ilé-chiwa-kopá-choki Kachina Cross Crown Kachina

201. Wukoqala Big Forehead Kachina

202. Ewiro Warrior Kachina

203. Choshurhurwa Bluebird Snare Kachina

204. Üshe Or Ütse Hano Cactus Or Cholla Cactus Kachina

205. Yoche Apache Kachina

206. Patszro Snipe Kachina

207. Hospoa Road Runner Kachina

208. Koyona Turkey Kachina

209. Mulutatkia A Zuñi Kachina

210. Zuñi Jemez Kachina

211. Situlilü Zuñi Rattlesnake Kachina

212. Teuk

213. Pakwabi

214. Kwasus Alektaqa

215. Alo Mana

216. Old Kachina Clan Mask

217. Old Hanau Clan Mask

218. Pohaha (hano) Or Nalwc-ala (hopi) Four-horned Kachina

219. Hopinyu (?)

220. Yunya Prickly Pear Cactus Kachina

221. Yunya Mana Prickly Pear Cactus Maiden

* 222. Makto Rabbit Stick Kachina

* 223. Pakiowik Fish Kachina

* 224. Ketowa Bisena

* 225. Patun Kachina Squash Kachina

* 226. Qá-ö Or Ká-e Corn Kachina

* 227. Paski Kachina Hoe Kachina

* 228. Old Mask At Walpi Called “wiki's Kachina”

* 229. Tiwenu

* 230. Old Mask

* 231. Kuwan

* 232. Kau

* 233. Palölökon Kachina Plumed Serpent Kachina

234. Kau-a Kachina

235. Na-uikuitaqa “peeping Out Man”

236. Möna Kachina River Or Thunder Kachina

237. Umtoinaqa “making Thunder” Kachina

238. Rügan A Rasp Kachina

239. Rügan B Rasp Kachina

240. Rügan C Rasp Kachina

241. Rügan D Rasp Kachina

242. Rügan E Rasp Kachina

243. Tumoala Devilsclaw Kachina

244. Kuwantotim A Singer

245. Nihiyo

246. Poli Sio Hemis Kachina Butterfly Zuñi Jemez Kachina

247. Kwitanonoa Dung Carrier

248. Owaq Kachina Coal Kachina

249. Tasaf Kachina A Navajo God Kachina (naastadji, The Fringe Mouth God)

250. Tawa Koyung Kachina Peacock (sun Turkey) Kachina

251. Tasaf Anya Navajo Long-hair Kachina

252. Piptu Wu-uti

253. Sikya-chantaka Flowers Or Guts In The Snow

254. Motsin Dishevelled Kachina

255. Yo-we (named For Sound The Kachina Makes)

256. Homahtoi Kachina Angry Kachina

257. Poko Kachina Dog Kachina

258. Tuskiapaya Crazy Rattle Kachina

259. White Cloud Clown

260. Holi (named For Sound The Kachina Makes)

261. Fox Kachina

262. Sio Kachina Zuñi Kachina

263. Mahu Cicada Kachina

264. Hano Mana

265. I'she Mustard Green Kachina

266. Danik'china Cloud Kachina Guard

5. Hopi Deities

Sotuqnang-u, God Of The Sky (d1)

Masao, The Earth God (d2)

Kwanitaqa, The One-horned God (d3)

Alosaka Or Muy-ingwa, The Germ God Or Two-horned God (d4)

Huru-ing Wu-uti, Goddess Of Hard Substances (d5)

Tawa, Sun God (d6)

Mu-yao, Moon God (d7)

Tai-owa (d8)

Kokyang Wu-uti, Spider Woman (d9)

Pö-ökang-hoya, And Palö-ngao-hoya, The Two Little War Gods (d10, D11)

Kochoilaftiyo, Poker Boy (d12)

Pi-tsingsivos-tiyo, Cotton Seed Boy (d13)

Pivitamni, Patches (d14)

Öng Wu-uti, Salt Woman (d15)

Tikuoi Wu-uti, The Outcast Woman (d16)

Talaotumsi, Goddess Of Reproduction (d17)

Tiponi (d18)

Patusung-ala (d19, 20, 21, 22)

Tawavökang, A Servant Of The Sun (d23)

Yaponcha, Wind God And Dust Devil (d24)

Kwi-nyao, God Of The North Wind (d25)

Chamahiye, Snake Chief Of The Underworld (d26)

Awahiye, Assistant Chief Of The Underworld Snake Fraternity (d27)

Katoya (d28)

Ponochona, The South Star (d29)

Hachokata, God Of The Gamblers (d30)

Chimon Mana, Jimson Weed Maiden (d31)

Pasom Mana, Spiderwort Maiden (d32)

Somaikoli (d33)

Kawikoli, Fire Chief (d34)

Siwikoli (d35)

Palolökon, Plumed Serpent Or Water Serpent (d36)

6. How To Identify Kachina Dolls

Use Of The Key

Key To The Identification Of Hopi Kachina Dolls

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Hopi kachina dolls: with a key to their identification

Published By: Original publisher Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. 1959. 150 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Harold S. Colton. Color photos by Jack Breed

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Musical instruments (534); Representative art (532); Childhood activities (857); Spirits and gods (776); Cultural participation (184); Dance (535); Decorative art (531);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source presents a very detailed study of Hopi kachina dolls -- what they represent, their principal features and descriptions, and, occupying the major portion of this work, a key to their identification. A brief chapter (chapter 5) also discusses some of the major deities in the Hopi pantheon which generally are considered as distinct from the kachina spirits. The term “kachina” as used by the author, is sometimes confusing since it not only refers to the dolls themselves, but also to the spirit beings and and their human impersonators in the various Hopi ceremonials. The reader will find that only the context of the passage will provide the necessary clue(s) to the specific reference indicated. An index at the end of the source presents an alphabetical listing of the various kachinas and deities as the appear in the text.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 18

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-018

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 142) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Natural Scientst, Artisan-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Second Mesa and Oraibi Pueblo, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians

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