Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Foster, Michael K.
From the earth to beyond the sky: an ethnographic approach to
four Longhouse Iroquois speech events
Published By: Original publisher
Ottawa, Ont.: National Museums of Canada, National Museum
of Man. 1974. xi, 448 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Michael K. Foster
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Literary texts (539);
Organized ceremonial (796);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The Longhouse Iroquois of New York State and southern
Ontario are carriers of the ancient tradition of political and religious oratory of which
part is devoted to speeches, chants, and songs associated with the calendrical round of
ceremonies (e.g., the Midwinter Festival and Green Corn Ceremony). The first part of this
study presents an analysis of four structurally related rituals which are performed in
conjunction with the ceremonies, these being the Thanksgiving Address, the Great Feather
Dance, the Skin Dance, and the Tobacco Invocation. The rituals are divided into sections
devoted to one or more of the cosmological spirit forces -- the terrestrial (earth, plants,
animals); the celestrial (sun, moon, stars); and the forces beyond the sky (the Creator and
other spirits). Each of the rituals is accompanied by a prescribed formal speech which may
vary somewhat between speakers. The second part of this work presents a detailed structural
analysis of the contents of these speeches as well as a description of the background and
qualifications of the speakers themselves. The transcribed and translated texts of these
speeches appear in the appendices.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 421-432) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1970 (p. ix-x)
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1994
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, Canada
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings