Fenton, William N.. The Iroquois Eagle Dance an offshoot of the Calument Dance

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Iroquois Eagle Dance An Offshoot Of The Calumet Dance


The Problem

Phonetic Note

The Seneca Eagle Dance At Coldspring On Allegheny River

A Summer Meeting, With Emphasis On The Ritual

Untitled Section: ...


Thanksgiving To All The Spirit-forces

Tobacco Prayer To The Dew Eagle

The Ritual

The Feast

The Anniversary Celebration Of Resting-sky's Cure


Tobacco Invocation

Assignment Of Roles And Paraphernalia

The Ritual

The Distribution Of The Feast

Later Celebrations At Allegany

The Songs 11

The Participating Personalities At Coldspring

The Eagle Dance As A Vehicle For Personality Expression

Case I. Wood-eater, An Elderly Man Of The Bear Clan

Case 2. Corn-husker, A Middle-aged Commoner Of The Hawk Clan

Case 3. Stick-lodged-in-a-crotch, Guardian Of The Good Message In The Deer Clan

Case 4. Snorer, A Faith-keeper Of The Hawk Clan, A Conscientious Objector

Case 5. Hemlocks-lying-down, A So-called “cayuga” Of The Turtle Clan

Case 6. Earth-hiller, Matron Of The Wolf Clan


The Seneca Eagle Dance At Tonawanda

The Ceremony


Setting The Bundle Up Before A Meeting Place



Tobacco Invocation

Distribution Of Tiny Pieces Of Meat

Assignment Of Roles And Presentation Of Paraphernalia

The Ritual

The Distribution Of The Feast

The Songs

The Onondaga Condor Dance



Moiety Patterning

Ritual Pattern

The Eagle Dance On Grand River (six Nations Reserve), Canada

The Onondaga Ceremony

The Songs

The Cayuga Eagle Society Ceremony At Sour Springs Longhouse

The Iroquois Eagle Dance As A Cultural Phenomenon

Salient Features

A Century Of Ethnology

Origin Legends

The Legend Of Bloody Hand

The Two Brothers Learn Songs From Birds

Chipping Sparrow's Adventure Among Eagles

Boy Abducted By Dew Eagle

Version Of Djid[unknown][unknown][unknown] Gwas

Version Of Chauncey Warrior

Version Of Snorer

A Tonawanda Variant, By Ernest Smith

A Historic Record

Grand River Variants, By F. W. Waugh

Version Of Chief Logan

Sacrifices And Eagls Trapping

Sacrifice Of The First Kill

Eagle Baiting

Eagle Catching, By Falling-day, Snipe Clan, Tonawanda

Pit Trapping

The Cherokee Peace

The Roots Of The Eagle Dance

Classification Of Dew Eagles

Dream Experiences

Wood-eater Joins Eagle Society

What Djid O'gwas Dreamed

Ten-mornings Becomes A Member, By Djido[unknown] Gwas

Those Who Have Inherited

Ceremonial Friends

Helper And He-is-coming


Ritual Organization


Arranging The Meeting

Moiety Patterning

The Ritual Pattern


Tobacco Invocations

Form And Content Of Speeches

The Dance And Songs

The Feast

Documentary History

A Survey Of The Literature

Distribution And Comparison


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Iroquois Eagle Dance an offshoot of the Calument Dance

Published By: Original publisher Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. 1953. vi, 324 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication William N. Fenton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph is a reworking of Fenton's doctoral dissertation at Yale. This work describes and analyzes the variations of the Eagle Dance at different Iroquois communities. These data are marshalled in such a way as to show their bearing on the ethnological problem of individual variation in behavior. Sections of the monograph discuss the Seneca Eagle Dance at Allegany and Tonawanda Reservations, the Onondaga Condor Dance, and the Eagle Dance and Six Nations Reserve, Grand River, Ontario. The Iroquois Eagle Dance is then discussed as a cultural phenomenon, including data on origin legends, scrifices, dream experiences, ritual equipment, organization, and pattern. The monograph concludes with a long section on the documentary history of the Eagle Dance including a survey of the literature and a distribution and comparative study.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 29

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nm09-029

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Pages 223-306, containing an analysis of the Eagle Dance and songs by Gertrude Kurath are not included

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1933-1950

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Timothy J. O'Leary ; 1961

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) various locations, United States and Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iroquois Indians


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