McCourt, Desmond. The dynamic quality of Irish rural settlement

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Publication Information

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The dynamic quality of Irish rural settlement

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Man and his habitat: essays presented to Emyr Estyn Evans, edited by R.H. Buchanan, Emrys Jones and Desmond McCourt

Published By: Original publisher Man and his habitat: essays presented to Emyr Estyn Evans, edited by R.H. Buchanan, Emrys Jones and Desmond McCourt New York: Barnes & Noble. 1971. 126-164 p. maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Desmond McCourt

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rural Irish (ER06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Historical and archival research (127); Topography and geology (133); Tillage (241); Settlement patterns (361); Real property (423); Renting and leasing (427); Household (592); Kin relationships (602); Kindreds and ramages (612);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a review of historical studies of Irish settlement patterns. Nucleated and communal land owning settlements were once considered by scholars to be traditional Celtic or tribal arrangements emerging from the Iron Age. However, recent studies reveal that a flexible scheme of nucleated and dispersed settlements and joint and individual ownership co-existed, and were influenced by terrain, soil fertility, type of farming, population size, and land fragmentation. A progressive subdivision of ancestral holdings led to the communal landholding [n]rundale[/n] system. The descendants of the founding families formed larger and wider kindred associations ([n]fine[/n]) whose members grouped their houses around the original family farmstead to form nucleated settlements, or [n]clachans[/n]. The breakup of the [n]rundale[/n] system occurred when Anglo-Norman landlords confiscated land to form their estates. By 1780 less than five percent of Irish land remained in native hands. Dispersed settlements predominate, although nucleated settlements are still found in remote parts of the island.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 24

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. er06-024

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not applicable

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Historian-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1650-1900

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ireland

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ireland--Rural conditions

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