Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Some social-anthropological observations of gotong rojong
practices in two villages of central Java
Published By: Original publisher
Ithaca, N.Y.: Southeast Asia Program, Dept. of Far Eastern
Studies, Cornell University. 1961. viii, 67 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Koentjaraningrat ; translated by Claire Holt
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Mutual aid (476);
Cultural participation (184);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Koentjaraningrat documents the incidence of gotong rojong,
a form of community mutual aid, in the two villages of Tjelapar and Wadjasari. Gotong
rojong appears to take seven major forms: activities which emerge surrounding death or a
family calamity, activities undertaken by the entire community because of public necessity,
activities which occur when a villager initiates a feast, activities related to the care
and cleaning of ancestral graves, activities necessitated by a villager needing home repair
work, activities evoked during times of heightened agricultural production, and activities
based on “the duty of the Kuli class to contribute manpower for the benefit of the
community.” (p. 29) Each of the villages is described in terms of location, inhabitants,
kinship ties, hamlet bonds, land owners, sources of income, and daily activities. The
author concludes the “On the whole, comparison between the two village communities has
given us the impression that in village communities where the villagers’ livelihood does
not depend solely on agriculture, but where they can find additional income in towns, the
frequency of gotong rojong declines.” (p. 43)
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Related Titles: Gotong rojong practices in two
villages of Central Java Includes bibliographical references (p. 66-67) Several of the long
footnotes have been marked as text.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Del Childs ; Jan Simpson ; 1982
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
villages of Tjelapar and Wadjasari in the
regency of Kebumen, Central Java, Indonesia
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Javanese (Indonesian people)/Cooperation--Indonesia--Case