Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Inner frontiers: Santal responses to acculturation
Published By: Original publisher
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute, Dept. of Social Science
and Development. 1991. 82 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Theory of disease (753);
Magical and mental therapy (755);
Shamans and psychotherapists (756);
Spirits and gods (776);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In the four articles which comprise the major portion of
this work, Carrin-Bouez presents a comparative study of the Santals in the three Indian
states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa in relationship to the surrounding Hindu society
(the Ho, Birhor, and Munda tribes). The first essay analyzes traditional leadership between
headman and priest in the sample emphasizing how they share a common structure of power and
authority. In the second essay the author describes the situation of the tribes during the
colonial period with particular reference to the tribal movement which emerged from 1820 to
1855 culminating in the Santal rebellion of 1855-1857. This movement was especially
important to the Santals in promoting the reform of tribal values in the face of Hindu
influence (p. 1). This article also discusses the Santal concept of 'foreigner' as invader
or intruder, referred to in the text by the pejorative term DIKU, and leads to the third
essay in this study concentrating on the idea of the foreigner as incestuous kin. The last
article in this volume deals with the synthesis of indigenous thought and external
influence in regard to rationality, causality, and classification in Santal
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 17-18, 36-37,
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1996
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa States,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Santal (South Asian people)