Carrin-Bouez, Marine. Inner frontiers: Santal responses to acculturation

Table of Contents

Publication Information


Gods, Ancestors And Men: From Authority To Power In Four Munda Tribes

The Birhor Priest

The Concept Of The Village Founder

Munda And Ho Situations

The Situation In Santal Society

The Inter-village Institutions Or The Rise Of The Secular Sphere

Some Hints Of A Royal Model


Differential Responses To Acculturation Among The Santal

Tribal Movements

Moving Towards Peasant Society

Impure Agents Of Sanskritization

How To Divide Communities?

The Santal Of Bihar

The Santal Of Orissa

The Santal Of Bengal



The Foreigner As Incestuous Kin, A Dialectic Of Closeness And Remoteness Among The Santals

Social Space: Degrees Of Closeness And Remoteness

The Capture And Sacrifice Of A Foreigner

The Notion Of Incest

The Mirror Of The Self: The Deities As “hidden Relatives”

The Cannibalist Feast In The Other World

The Concept Of Bitlaha: Closeness And Remoteness Equated

Tribal Identity As A Way To Manipulate Boundaries


Rationality, Causality And Classification In Santal Medicine

The Discussion With The Santal Ojhas And The Supernatural Causes Of Disease

Illness Is Defined As A Situation, Hasu Menak, Where “there Is Pain”

The Actions Of Witches And Malevolent Bonga

The Body Image

How To Establish A Diagnostis

The Santal Medical Text

The Notion Of Symptom In The Medical Text

The Non-hierarchical Character Of The List

Black Humoral Fevers In The Medical Text

The Notion Of Classes Of Disease


The Structure Of Primitive Classification

Is Pharmacopia Aiming At Rationality?

A Return To Irrationality


The Religious Vow To Protect One’s Child

The Hinduized Guru

What Does This Strategy Imply From The Point Of View Of Reconstruction Of The Causality Of Misfortune?

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Inner frontiers: Santal responses to acculturation

Published By: Original publisher Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute, Dept. of Social Science and Development. 1991. 82 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Marine Carrin-Bouez

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Santal (AW42)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Morbidity (164); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Theory of disease (753); Sorcery (754); Magical and mental therapy (755); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Spirits and gods (776);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In the four articles which comprise the major portion of this work, Carrin-Bouez presents a comparative study of the Santals in the three Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa in relationship to the surrounding Hindu society (the Ho, Birhor, and Munda tribes). The first essay analyzes traditional leadership between headman and priest in the sample emphasizing how they share a common structure of power and authority. In the second essay the author describes the situation of the tribes during the colonial period with particular reference to the tribal movement which emerged from 1820 to 1855 culminating in the Santal rebellion of 1855-1857. This movement was especially important to the Santals in promoting the reform of tribal values in the face of Hindu influence (p. 1). This article also discusses the Santal concept of 'foreigner' as invader or intruder, referred to in the text by the pejorative term DIKU, and leads to the third essay in this study concentrating on the idea of the foreigner as incestuous kin. The last article in this volume deals with the synthesis of indigenous thought and external influence in regard to rationality, causality, and classification in Santal medicine.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. aw42-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 17-18, 36-37, 49, 80-82)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1978-1989

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1978-1989

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa States, India

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Santal (South Asian people)


Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.

Export a Citation