Sadan, Mandy. Translating gumlau: history, the 'Kachin' and Edmund Leach

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Translating gumlau: history, the 'Kachin' and Edmund Leach

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Social dynamics in the highlands of Southeast Asia: reconsidering political systems of Highland Burma by E.R. Leach, edited by François Robinne and Mandy Sadan

Published By: Original publisher Social dynamics in the highlands of Southeast Asia: reconsidering political systems of Highland Burma by E.R. Leach, edited by François Robinne and Mandy Sadan Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. 2007. 67-87 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Mandy Sadan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kachin (AP06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural identity and pride (186); Reviews and critiques (114); Glossary (104); External relations (648); Revolution (669); Verbal arts (5310); Political movements (668); General character of religion (771); Mythology (773); Texts in the speaker's language (901); Audiovisual records and equipment (216); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Sociolinguistics (195); Priesthood (793); Historical and archival research (127);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document discusses the many meanings of the Kachin word 'Gumlau' which, according to the author, was not well translated in 19th and early 20th ethnographic texts on Kachin peoples. It shows that both 'gumlau' and 'gumsa' are highly problematic historically. As used by Leach, 'gumlau' refers to a system with an egalitarian, non-hereditary system of leadership. In recent years, however, the term is used by Kachin nationalists into an ideological narrative of revolt against despotism. It is used to reconstruct and describe the ideal Kachin polity; a proto-democratic, enlightened leadership that does not exclude the possibility of heredity where appropriate.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 37

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ap06-037

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: For bibliographical references see document 34:Robinne and Sadan

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1996-1999

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Historian-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem; 2011

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1888-2007

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kachin people, Burma and China

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kachin (Asian people)

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