Cohen, Ronald. Incorporation in Bornu

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Incorporation in Bornu

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph From Tribe to nation in Africa : studies in incorporation processes, edited by Ronald Cohen and John Middleton

Published By: Original publisher From Tribe to nation in Africa : studies in incorporation processes, edited by Ronald Cohen and John Middleton Scranton: Chandler Pub. Co.. 1970. 150-174 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ronald Cohen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kanuri (MS14)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External migration (167); Real property (423); Routes (487); Ethnic stratification (563); Territorial hierarchy (631); External relations (648);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Cohen examines the process of incorporation of (1) ethnic groups into the Bornu state and (2) the Bornu kingdom into Nigeria. The former is the historically older and longer process and varied according to whether the groups were internal or external, sedentary or nomadic. Settled peoples became part of the Bornu feudal tenure system, their rights to land based on patron-client ties to Kanuri nobility. Nomadic groups also became clients to individual noblemen who could offer them the state's protection and arbitrate their internal disputes. The Kanuri offered protection to outside groups, as well, in exchange for tribute, and often interferred in their dynastic struggles, but held no juridical powers over them. In the twentieth century, the British transformed the fiefs into administrative districts. Bornu became further incorporated into the Nigerian nation as individual Kanuri received a western education and moved up the ranks of the state's bureaucracy.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 11

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ms14-011

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 173-174)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1901 - 1966

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Borno State, Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kanuri (African people)

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