Brindley, Marianne. Old women in Zulu culture

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Old women in Zulu culture

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph South African journal of ethnology -- Vol. 8

Published By: Original publisher South African journal of ethnology -- Vol. 8 Johannesburg: Vereniging van Afrikaanse Volkekundiges. 1985. 98-108 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication the old woman and childbirth

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sociocultural trends (178); Cultural participation (184); Grandparents and grandchildren (603); Parents-in-law and children-in-law (606); Sorcery (754); Eschatology (775); Conception (842); Pregnancy (843); Childbirth (844); Difficult and unusual births (845); Postnatal care (846); Activities of the aged (887);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Marianne Brindley presents part of the results of her fieldwork among the Zulu people of Nkandla, in which she focuses on the role of women past the age of childbearing. This article, dealing primarily with childbirth, indicates the extensive involvement of old women in the major stages of procreation: conception, pregnancy, confinement, and the postpartum period. Accumulated knowledge and experience, but also associations of purity, appear to be the crucial characteristics determining the roles of old women. The positions of mother-in-law and paternal grandmother in particular, enable a woman to wield considerable power and influence. The author concludes that the action-patterns of old women at a confinement are indicative of an area of cultural life in which women have symbolic power over men (p. 98).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 53

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx20-053

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 108)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1979-1982

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2004

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1979-1982

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nkandla District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zulu (African people)

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