Kohler, Max. Marriage customs in southern Natal

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I. Puberty Rites.

A ) Boys.

Version From The Ama-kuze.

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A ) Boys.

Version From The Ama-bhaca.

B ) Girls.

1) Umgonqo.

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B ) Girls.

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2) Umhlonyane.

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1) Seclusion In Umgonqo.

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2) Slaughter Of Umhlonyane Beast When Seclusion Ends.

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3) Ukwemula.

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3) Ukwemula, Return To Normal Life Or Formal Recognition Of Marriageable State.

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Ii. Premarital Relations Of The Sexes.

A ) Courting Girls ( Ukutshela Izintombi ).

A) Ukutshela Izintombi.

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B) Isiphonso.

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B ) Love Philtres, Drugs And Medicines.

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Umhayizo.

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A Letter.

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C )

Into Ey'enziwayo Ebusuku.

What Is Done At Night.

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Umhayizo “hysteria”.

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C ) Nocturnal Festivities Of Young Folk.

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D ) Choosing A Lover ( Ukuqoma, Ukuhloma Iduku ).

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D) Ukuqoma.

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E ) Pseudo-cohabitation ( Ukuhlobonga, Ukusoma ).

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F ) Fee For Premarital Privileges ( Umnyobo ).

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E) Ukuhlobonga.

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G ) Inspection Of Girls ( Ukubheka Amantombazane ).

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F) Umnyobo.

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G) Ukubheka Amantombazane.

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H ) Damages For Defloration ( Umgezo ).

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H) Umgezo.

Iii. Betrothal.

A ) Bride's Betrothal Visit ( Ukugana ).

A) Ukugana.

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B) Ukubika, Imvulamlomo.

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B ) First Negotiations ( Ukubika ).

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C) Ukucela.

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D) Ukuguqa.

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C ) Christian Betrothal ( Ukucela ).

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E ) Bridegroom's Visits.

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F) Ukugcagcisa.

D ) Betrothal Visits Of Bride ( Ukuguqa ).

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E ) Betrothal Visits Of Bridegroom.

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F ) Forcible Abduction ( Ukugcagcisa ).

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Iv. Wedding Preliminaries.

A ) Presents And Visits From Bride's Family ( Umbondo ).

A) Umbondo.

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B ) Money For Bride's Outfit ( Isibizo ).

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C ) Bride-price ( Ilobolo ).

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B) Isibizo.

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C) Ilobolo.

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D) Umqoyiso.

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D ) Special Animal As Price For Virginity ( Umqoyiso ).

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V. Wedding ( Umgcaggo ).

A ) First Account.

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B ) Second Account.

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C) Umeke, Umqoyiso.

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Umeke, Umqoyiso.

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Vi. Married Life.

A ) Rules And Tabus After The Wedding.

A) Ukuhlonipa Nokuzila Kuka'makoti.

Tabus For, And Respectful Behaviour Of, A Young Wife.

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B)

Ukwambula Umlobokazi.

Removal Of Tabus.

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B ) Removal Of Tabus ( Ukwambula Umlobokazi ).

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C ) Birth Of First Child.

C ) Birth Of First Child.

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Vii. Appendices.

1) Hair Dress.

2) Barrenness, Sequence Of Births.

3) Abortion, Birth Control.

4) Prostitution, Venereal Disease.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Marriage customs in southern Natal

Published By: Original publisher Pretoria: Government Printer. 1933. ii, 103 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Edited by N. J. V. Warmelo

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural participation (184); Domesticated animals (231); Personal grooming (302); Gift giving (431); Literary texts (539); Social relationships and groups (571); Visiting and hospitality (574); Mode of marriage (583); Arranging a marriage (584); Nuptials (585); Avoidance and taboo (784); Sexuality (831); Sexual stimulation (832); Premarital sex relations (836); Childbirth (844); Puberty and initiation (881); Adolescent activities (883); Majority (884);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is the work of a missionary doctor who spent eight years among the Bhaca and Khuze tribes of the Zulu nation. The text is arranged to give a simultaneous account of most of the material by both the author and the native informants. The latter passages are rendered in both Zulu and English. Material is presented on puberty rites, adolescent relationships between the sexes, courting and betrothal customs, marriage ceremonies, behavior of newly married women, and practices at the time of the first birth. Information is most detailed on females, with particular attention being given to hair dressing, taboos and restrictions.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 31

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx20-031

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English and Zulu

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1925-1933

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Physician-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Jan Simpson ; John Beierle ; 1979

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1925-1933

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ama-Khuze and Ama-Bhaca Zulu, Centocow Mission, Bulwer District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zulu (African people)

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