Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Brain, James Lewton
Boys' initiation rites among the Luguru of eastern Tanzania
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Anthropos -- Vol. 75, no. 3/4
Published By: Original publisher
Anthropos -- Vol. 75, no. 3/4
Freiburg, Switzerland: Anthropos Institute, Paulsdruckerei. 1980. 369-382 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
James L. Brain
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Puberty and initiation (881);
Ceremonial during infancy and childhood (852);
Techniques of socialization (861);
Sex training (864);
Transmission of cultural norms (867);
Functional and adaptational interpretations (182);
Gender roles and issues (890);
Gender status (562);
Avoidance and taboo (784);
Adolescent activities (883);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Luguru youth are initiated into adulthood through extensive rites. For boys, the rituals involve isolation in a remote forest where they receive secret instructions as a group on a range of issues, including sexual intercourse, personal hygiene, politeness, and other preferred practices. For girls, the initiation instead requires living in isolation in a dark room for several months. This study discusses boys' initiation rites as having both symbolic and sociological functions relevant for understanding psychological tensions and power differentials between genders, generations, and lineage groups.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 381-382)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Teferi Abate Adem; 2020
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro Region, Tanzania
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Luguru (African people)