Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Howell, P. P. (Paul Philip)
Observations on the Shilluk of the Upper Nile: the laws of
homicide and the legal functions of the Reth
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Africa -- Vol. 22
Published By: Original publisher
Africa -- Vol. 22
London: Oxford University Press for the International
African Institute. 1952. 97-119 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
P. P. Howell
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Community structure (621);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Chief executive (643);
Ingroup antagonisms (578);
Offenses against life (682);
Judicial authority (692);
Legal norms (671);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
After a brief discussion of Shilluk culture the author
considers the judicial functions of the king with particular reference to homicide and
blood feuds. He weighs the different accounts of the Shilluk which vary in attributing
enforcement powers or powers of arbitration to the Reth. Using these accounts and
comparative materials from neighboring tribes he attempts to arrive at some conclusions
regarding the degree of effective power vested in the Reth. Materials on the sanctions for
different types of crimes and injuries are also given with examples drawn from traditional
and more recent cases.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 118-119)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Betty Potash ; 1960
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Shilluk (African people)