Howell, P. P. (Paul Philip). Observations on the Shilluk of the Upper Nile. Customary law: marriage and the violation of rights in women

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Observations on the Shilluk of the Upper Nile. Customary law: marriage and the violation of rights in women

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Africa -- Vol. 23

Published By: Original publisher Africa -- Vol. 23 London: International African Institute. 1953. 94-109 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication P. P. Howell

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Shilluk (FJ23)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Basis of marriage (581); Regulation of marriage (582); Arranging a marriage (584); Mode of marriage (583); Termination of marriage (586); Celibacy (589); Family relationships (593); Inheritance (428); Illegitimacy (848); Kinship regulation of sex (835); Premarital sex relations (836); Extramarital sex relations (837); Sex and marital offenses (684); Special courts (698);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This article deals with marriage among the Shilluk. The manner in which a marriage is arranged and legalized, the circulation and distribution of bridewealth, and rules governing divorce and widowerhood are treated in some detail. In particular the rules governing the return of cattle in cases of divorce and death are described. Material on legitimacy of children, and data on penalties for adultery, pre-marital intercourse, and sexual realtions with royal women are included. Some criticisms are offered of other accounts of Shilluk marriage practices and materials from several authors are used. Howell notes that the development of Native Courts has crystallized customs and brought about rigidity in rules that once had greater flexibility.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fj23-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1937, 1948

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Betty Potash ; 1960

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1930-1952

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Sudan

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Shilluk (African people)

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