Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Howell, P. P. (Paul Philip)
Observations on the Shilluk of the Upper Nile. Customary law:
marriage and the violation of rights in women
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Africa -- Vol. 23
Published By: Original publisher
Africa -- Vol. 23
London: International African Institute. 1953. 94-109 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
P. P. Howell
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Basis of marriage (581);
Regulation of marriage (582);
Arranging a marriage (584);
Mode of marriage (583);
Termination of marriage (586);
Family relationships (593);
Kinship regulation of sex (835);
Premarital sex relations (836);
Extramarital sex relations (837);
Sex and marital offenses (684);
Special courts (698);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This article deals with marriage among the Shilluk. The
manner in which a marriage is arranged and legalized, the circulation and distribution of
bridewealth, and rules governing divorce and widowerhood are treated in some detail. In
particular the rules governing the return of cattle in cases of divorce and death are
described. Material on legitimacy of children, and data on penalties for adultery,
pre-marital intercourse, and sexual realtions with royal women are included. Some
criticisms are offered of other accounts of Shilluk marriage practices and materials from
several authors are used. Howell notes that the development of Native Courts has
crystallized customs and brought about rigidity in rules that once had greater
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Betty Potash ; 1960
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Shilluk (African people)