Paques, Viviana. The Bambara

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Demography And Tribal And Subtribal Groups

I. Nomenclature

A. European Definitions

B. Native Definitions

Ii. Situation

A. Ethnic Classification

B. Geographical Distribution

C. Neighboring Tribes

Iii. Physical Characteristics Of The Bambara

Iv. Demographic Data

A. Distribution Of The Population

B. Population Movement

C. Emigration

D. Immigration

Chapter 2 Linguistic Data

A. Linguistic Classification

B. Morphology

C. Syntax

D. Vocabulary

E. Numeration

F. Writing

G. Local Diversities

Chapter 3 Physical Environment

I. Natural Regions

A. The Upper Niger

B. The Ségou Basin

C. Issa Ber

D. The Manding Plateau

E. The Sarakollé Massif

Ii. Climate And Meteorology

A. Temperatures

B. Winds

C. Rainy Season

D. Dry Season

Chapter 4 Principal Economic Traits

I. Agriculture

A. Methods Of Cultivation

B. Food Crops

C. Textile Crops

D. Agricultural Tools

E. Production Statistics

Ii. Animal Husbandry

A. Methods Of Stock Raising

B. Stock Raising Areas

C. Statistics

D. Products From Livestock

Iii. Commerce

A. External Commerce

A. Means Of Communication

B. Commercial Regulation

C. Organization

D. Imports And Exports

B. Internal Commerce

A. Commercial Routes

B. Caravan Commerce

C. Commercial Practices

D. Banks

Chapter 5 History And Traditions Of Origin

I. Prehistory

Ii. History

A. Origins Of The Bambara People

B. Constitution Of The Bambara Kingdoms

C. Mamari Koulibali

D. Reforms Of Mamari Koulibali

E. Successors Of Mamari

F. The Toucouleur Invasion And The End Of The Bambara Kingdoms

Chapter 6 Social Organization

I. Traditional Structure Of Bambara Society

A. Social And Political Organization

1. The Family

2. From Family To Community

B. Influence Of Social Organization On Economic Life

A. The Ton, Work Community

B. Organization Of Work

C. Division Of Labor

C. Legal Procedure: Inheritance, Land Ownership

A. Proofs (2)

B. Punishments

C. Examples Of Condemnations

D. Responsibility

E. Inheritance

D. Position Of Women

Ii. Present Evolution Of Bambara Society

A. Political Evolution

B. Tendency To Economic Change

A. Urbanization

B. Development Of Large-scale Agricultural Exploitation

C. Social Consequences

D. Chambers Of Commerce

E. Work Regulation. Unions

Chapter 7 Cultural Aspects

I. Religion

A. Cosmogony

B. Conception Of Man

C. Ritual, Sacrifice, And Cults

D. The New Religions: Islam And Christianity

Ii. Techniques

A. Body Techniques

A. Before Birth

B. Birth Rites

C. Circumcision

D. Excision

E. Marriage

F. Death And Funerals

G. Ancestor Worship

H. Other Rites

B. Special Technique In General Usage

A. Fishing

B. Pottery

C. The Forge

D. Basketry

E. Weaving, Clothes, Ornaments

F. Arrangement Of The Settlements

G. Tombs

Iii. Art

A. Statuary

B. Ceramics

C. Painting

D. Music

E. Literature

Conclusion

I. Traditional Interpretation Of Mental Characteristics

Ii. Refutation Of The Traditional Theory

Untitled Section: ...

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Bambara

Published By: Original publisher Paris: Presses universitaires de France. 1954. 123 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Viviana Paques

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Bambara (FA08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Descriptive somatology (142); Ethos (181); Fishing (226); Tillage (241); Cereal agriculture (243); Normal garb (291); Personal grooming (302); Settlement patterns (361); Mechanics (401); Occupational specialization (463); Ethnic stratification (563); Life and death (761); Mythology (773); Avoidance and taboo (784); Ethnobotany (824); Menstruation (841);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This general survey of Bambara culture is one of the series of monographs on African peoples sponsored by the International African Institute in London. The author has done field work in French West Africa. At the time she wrote the book, she was attached to the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique in Paris. This book, however, is based mostly upon published materials rather than personal observations. More than half of the book is devoted to data on demography, tribal groups, language, geography, economics and history. Cultural data include information on family and political organization, religion, birth, initiation, marriage, death, and the arts. The influence of French administration is mentioned throughout the book.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fa08-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from French

Note: Translation of: Les Bambara Includes bibliographical references (p. [113]-119) Translated for the HRAF files by Thomas Turner in 1960

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Social Scientist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Robert Lee ; 1959

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1890-1954

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mali

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Bambara (African people)

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