Wang, Zhusheng. The Jingpo: Kachin of the Yunnan Plateau

Table of Contents

Publication Information


The Names Kachin And Jingpo

Data, Fieldwork, And Content

One Theoretical Grounds

Leach's Model

Nugent's Model

Friedman's Model

Rethinking Leach's Model

Gumsa-gumlao: Antithesis And Empirical Realities

The Mechanism Of Gumsa-gumlao Oscillation

Rethinking “dynamic Equilibrium”

Adaptation: Historical And Dynamic Process Of Survival

Two Setting And Ethnohistory

An Ecological Overview

Location, Topography, And Climate

Resources 2

The Jingpo In Dehong

Population Distribution

Branches Of The Jingpo

Linguistic Affiliation

Historical Affiliation Of The Jingpo

Conjectures Of Remote Antiquity

Later Periods

Historical Movement Of The Jingpo

A Tentative Reconstruction Of The Migration Routes

The “old Homeland”

Entering Dehong: Four Routes

Causes Of The Movement

The Dai And Han Chinese In Dehong

The Dai

The Dai Tusi In Dehong

The Han Chinese

Three Historical Changes

Early Days In Dehong

Making A Living

Social Structure

Nineteenth-century Changes

Land Ownership

Private Occupation Of Paddy Fields

Other Incentives For Change

The Protected Village And The Protection Fee


Opium And Commodity Exchange

The Political System Before 1949

The Jingpo Chiefdom


Chief, Suwen, And Guan


Dehong's Situation

Four Dazhai: A Contemporary Jingpo Village

Land And People



The Mountain People Of Zhanxi

Puguan: Its Clans, Lineages, And Legends


Legends Of Dazhai's History

Marriage, Kinship, And Social Structure

Marriage And Kinship

Mayu And Dama

Power Structure Of The Village

The New Village “elite”

Demography Of Puguan And Dazhai

Fluctuations Of Population

Family Size And Family Planning

Outlook And Housing In Dazhai

The Village

Family Houses

Dress And Food

Dress And Adornment

Food And Drink

A Day In Dazhai

Five Economy Of Dazhai

Basic Concepts

Crop Production

Land Tenure

Unit Of Production And Farm Tools

Dazhai's Peasants

Land Cultivation

Crops And Cultivation Methods

Grain Productivity

The Agricultural Year

Other Areas Of Production


Traditional Ways Of Earning Cash

New Ways Of Earning Cash

Cross-border Trading

Labor Selling

Exchange Of Commondities



Money And Commerce

Gift Exchange


Hpaozo And Moshao

Other Gifts

Increase Of Gift Exchange


The Pattern Of Consumption

Living Standard


Six Culture Of Dazhai

Culture, Beliefs, And Rituals

Religious Beliefs Of The Jingpo




The Spirits In Dazhai

Different Beliefs, Same Need


Communal Rituals

Household Rituals

Situation-fixed Rituals

Marriage Rituals

Funeral Rituals

New-house-entering Rituals

Hpaonohtao Rituals

Birth Ritual And Ritual Completion Of The First Year Of Life

Face-washing Ritual

Other Situation-fixed Rituals

Problem-resolving Rituals

Items Of Sacrifice

Changing Attitudes Toward The Nat And Nat Rituals

The Cadres

The Dumsa

Christianity In Dazhai

A Brief History

The Church In Puguan And Dazhai

Church Leaders And Activists


Christian Concerns

Official Attitudes

Seven The Road Of Change

Development And Modernization

Official Models In National Modernization

New Policies Of Modernization Since 1979

Minority Modernization

The Transformation Of Yunnan Minorities


Regional Autonomy

Democratic Reform

Socialist Transformation

The Cultural Revolution

The Revolution In Dazhai

The Early Days After The Liberation 15

A New Beginning For Dazhai

The Cooperative

The Fiery Years Of Socialist Revolution (1958–1979) 20

A New Page For Dazhai

Old Problems—new Problems

Difficulties In Economic Development

The Renaissance Of Tradition

Conclusion Perspective On The Changes In Dazhai

Characteristics Of The Jingpo

Jingpo Principles

Limitations Of Jingpo Adaptation

Challenge From Outside: Socialism And Nationality

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Jingpo: Kachin of the Yunnan Plateau

Published By: Original publisher Tempe, Ariz.: Program for Southeast Asian Studies. 1997. xx, 360 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Zhusheng Wang ; foreword by F.K. Lehman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kachin (AP06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural identity and pride (186); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Real property (423); Form and rules of government (642); Chief executive (643); Status, role, and prestige (554); Settlement patterns (361); Gift giving (431); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Mode of marriage (583); Nuptials (585); Income and demand (434); Standard of living (511); Exchange transactions (437); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Household (592); Cereal agriculture (243); Territorial hierarchy (631); Special crops (249); Mythology (773); Classes (565); Revolution (669); Labor supply and employment (464); Cult of the dead (769); Missions (797); Research and development (654); Local officials (624); ;

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book discusses aspects of social change among the Jingpo, a section of ethnic Kachin people living in Yunnan along the Sino-Burmese border. It shows that before the 1949 revolution in China, the Jingpo were quite different from their Han and Dai neighbors in terms of political, economic, and social structure. The revolution altered Jingpo society, but certain important characteristics survived the transformation. One of these includes the continuity of rice cultivation which shaped economic structures and social relations among villagers.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 32

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ap06-032

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 337-354) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document mid-1980s

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem; 2011

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not assigned

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kachin people, Yunnan Plateau, Burma

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Jingpo (Chinese people)//Kachin (Asian people)


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