Cassanelli, Lee V., 1946-. The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600-1900

Table of Contents

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Untitled Section: ...


1 The Societal And Historiographical Background

Aspects Of Somali Society

Means Of Subsistence

Patterns Of Social And Political Organization

Language And Society

Islam In Somali Society

Town And Country

Previous Historiography


2 Toward A Regional Approach To Somali Pastoral History

Pastoralism And Drought: Adaptive Strategies In The Twentieth Century

Ecology And Transhumance

Pastoral Trade And Commerce

Herd Size And Management Strategies

The Incidence Of Drought

The Response To Drought: Some Examples

The Response To Drought: A Model

Historical Applications

Methodological Considerations

Toward A Regional Perspective In Somali History

Regions As Social And Political Units

Nomads In Town Life

Pastoral Clientship

Regional Strategies, Drought, And The Somali Migrations


3 Pastoral Power: The Ajuraan In History And Tradition

The Ajuraan In Oral Traditions

The Ajuraan In History

The Structure Of Ajuraan Rule

Variant Traditions And Historical Processes

Traditions As Ideology

4 Saints, Sultans, And Sectarians: Islamic Themes In Southern Somali History, Ca. 1600-1850

The Saint In Somali Society

Sufism And Somali Politics

The Baardheere Jihad

5 Southern Somali Commerce And Economy In The Nineteenth Century

The Caravan Trade

The Agricultural Economy Of The Lower Shabeelle Valley

Patterns Of Economic Adaptation And Social Change

6 Local History And Regional Resistance: The Somali Response To Colonial Occupation In The Benaadir Region, 1870-1910

The Background

Political Disaggregation

Economic Dislocation

Religious Reorientation


Colonial Aims And Actions, 1870-1908

The Zanzibar Sultanate

The Ethiopians

The Italians

The Somali Response, 1896-1908: Four Case Studies

(1) Geledi

(2) Wacdaan

(3) Hintire

(4) Biimaal

An Analysis Of Local Resistance In The Benaadir

Economic Interests

Religious Interests

Local Political Interests

The Daraawiish In The Benaadir, 1905-8



Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600-1900

Published By: Original publisher Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1982. xvi, 311 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lee V. Cassanelli

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1997. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Somali (MO04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); Pastoral activities (233); External trade (439); Clans (614); External relations (648); Prophets and ascetics (792); Religious denominations (795);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a reconstructive and interpretive analysis of Somali history during the three centuries preceding 1900 -- the pre-colonial period. Throughout this work Cassanelli discusses social and political change, at least partly in terms of the resources that are available within the region which can be drawn upon by different corporate groups (p. 5). The study begins with a description of the basic features of Somali society as they appeared at the start of the twentieth century, with particualr reference to regional variation in culture, mode of production, and socio-political organization. Somali historiography is then reviewed as it developed in the twentieth century with a discussion of the issues that have molded our understanding of the Somali past. This information sets the stage for the remainder of the document which examines several of the processes that helped shape Somali society (e.g., pastoral power, Islamic themes in history, commerce and economy, response to colonial occupation, etc.).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 33

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. mo04-033

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 287-299) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document Dec. 1970-Nov. 1971; Sept.-Dec. 1977

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ron Johnson, John Beierle ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1600-1900

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Somalia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Somalis


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