Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Some reflections on the nature of Iban society
Published By: Original publisher
Canberra, A.C.T.: Dept. of Anthropology, Research School
of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. 1981. ix, 69 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Derek Freeman ; with illustrations by Monica
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Reviews and critiques (114);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Sociocultural trends (178);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Territorial hierarchy (631);
External relations (648);
Public welfare (657);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Freeman describes Iban society as 'classless and
egalitarian;' a conclusion confirmed by most others working in the region. In 1980 Jèrôme
Rousseau stated that the Iban have a hereditary stratified society similar in many respects
to that of the Kayan, another ethnic group in Borneo. Most of this document is Freeman's
refutation of Rousseau's claim. In the process Freeman presents data on political and
social structure, the traditional society, leadership, warfare, slavery treatment of war
captives (e.g., adoption into the tribe), and the BILEK or Iban family.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes index.|Bibliography: p. 64-67
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1949-51, 1957-58, 1976 (p. 2-3)
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Baleh, Ulu Batang Ai, Katibas, and Saribas
regions (p. 4-5), Sarawak, Malaysia
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ibans (Bornean people)