Métraux, Alfred, 1902-1963. Making a living in the Marbial Valley, Haiti

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

Survey Of The Problem

Equivalence Of Currencies, Weights And Measures

Transcription Of Creole Sounds

The Marbial Area *

Surface And Quality Of The Soil

Erosion

Land Tenure And Agricultural Methods

Tenant-farming

The Share-crop System

The Mortgage Or “pòtèk”

The Manager

Sale With Privilege Of Repurchase

State Owned Land

Law Of Succession

Inheritance Of Byê Minè

Transfer, By Succession, Of Dwellings

Transfer Of Movables

Responsibility For Funeral Expenses

History Of A Succession

The Sub-division Of The Land

Crops And Seasons

Annual Cycle

Irrigation

Method Of Irrigation

Administration And Organization Of Irrigation

Cultivated Plants *

Fruit Trees

Coffee Growing

Planting

Picking

Drying

Tchòka Coffee

Scraping

Storing

Agricultural Work

Land Clearing

Burn-beating

Sowing

Weeding And Crop-tending

Harvesting

Fallow Land

Agricultural Equipment

Magic And Religious Practices Connected With Agriculture

Defence Of The Property

Manpower And The Exploitation Of The Soil

Institutionalized Forms Of Co-operative Work

The Labour Team (corvée)

The Work Societies

Nature And Functions Of The Work Societies

Formation Of The Societies

Duties Of The Dignitaries

Discipline

Relations Between Rival Societies

A Society At Work

The “ronde”

Vâjou (before Daylight)

Paid Labour

Division Of Labour

Merits And Shortcomings Of Peasant Farming

Raising Of Livestock

Feeding Of Stock

Lease Of Livestock

The Difficulties Of Raising Livestock

Horse-breaking

Breeding

Slaughter

Hunting, Fishing And Plant Picking

Hunting

Fishing

Plant Picking

Small Trades

Leather-workers

Basket-workers

Hatters

Jewellers

Cabinet-makers

Chair-makers

Wood Carvers

Coffin-makers

Stone-cutters

Lime-burners

Masons

Tinkers

Candle-makers

Sisal Workers

Cord-makers

Makout-makers

Mat-makers

Cutler

Dressmakers And Tailors

Embroidresses

Barbers

Other Trades

Herbalists And Bone-setters

Pè Savân

Voodoo Priest

Scribe

Agents

Teachers

Musicians

Owners Of Cock-fighting Pits

Woodcutting

House-building

Markets

Products Sold

Taxes

Maintenance Of Order

Market Life

“revendeuses”

Shops

Butchers

Traders In Cooked Food, Sweetmeats, Etc.

Traders In Starch

Financial Resources, Loans And Interest

Relations Between Town And Country

Food

Vegetables

Fruits

Poultry

Meat

Fish

Milk And Eggs

Desserts, Sweetmeats, Etc.

Commodities Brought In From The Town

Drinks

Beliefs Concerning Food

The Peasants' Customs In Regard To Food

Etiquette And Table Habits

The Kitchen And Cooking Utensils

Annexes Statistics

Annex I Land Owned By Peasant Farmers *

Land

Annex Ii Family Budgets

I Budget Totalling Less Than 200 Gdes. F. And His Family, 1948

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Household Equipment

Sickness

Garden

Food

Ii Budget Totalling Between 300 And 400 Gdes The L. Family, 1948

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Household Equipment

Sickness

Garden

Tobacco

Food

Iii Budget Totalling Between 400 And 500 Gdes J. St. L. And His Family, 1948

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Plot

Food

Iv Budget Totalling Between 700 And 800 Gdes. D.s. And His Family

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Religion

Travel

Parties

Household

Garden

Working Expenses

Food

V Budget Totalling Between 700 And 800 Gdes B.l. And His Family

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Sickness

Religion

Household, House, Etc.

Laundry, Lighting, Tobacco

Garden

Livestock

Food

Vi Budget Totalling Between 800 And 900 Gdes The Cha. Family

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Household

Sickness

Garden

Laundry And Lighting

Food

Vii Budget Totalling Between 900 And 1,000 Gdes The Na. Family, 1948

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Household

Debt, Etc.

Religion

Garden

Laundry, Etc.

Food

Viii Budget Totalling Between 1300 And 1400 Gdes A. V. And His Family

Receipts

Expenditure

Particulars Of Receipts

Particulars Of Expenditure

Clothing

Household

Garden

Travel

Laundry, Etc.

Charity

Food

Annex Iii Equipment

Annex Iv Livestock

Annex V Secondary Occupations

Annex Vi Debts

Annex Vii Living Quarters And Furniture

Note

Annex Viii Households

Children Separated From Their Families

Average Household

Annex Ix Matrimonial Affairs Of Men And Women Covered By The Survey

Annex X Illiteracy

Untitled Section: ...

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Making a living in the Marbial Valley, Haiti

Published By: Original publisher Paris: UNESCO. 1951. 220 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication report prepared by Alfred Métraux in collaboration with E. Berrouet and Dr. and Mrs. Jean Comhaire-Sylvain

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Haitians (SV03)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Settlement patterns (361); Community structure (621); Tillage (241); Special crops (249); Real property (423); Production and supply (433); Price and value (435); Disasters (731); Poverty (735); Standard of living (511); Classes (565); Vegetable production (244); Arboriculture (245); Domesticated animals (231); Retail marketing (443); Buying and selling (432); Congregations (794); Childbirth (844); Mortality (165); Diet (262); Labor supply and employment (464);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document deals with the economic life of Haitian peasants in Marbial province as of the 1951. It shows that Haitian economy depends almost entirely upon the hard toil of rural people. When this report was compiled, rural communities lacked adequate communications, health services, agricultural organization and schools. The author observed a general pattern of rise in the cost of living and declining health conditions which led to the flight of starving and landless peasants to towns. Uprooted and unable to draw a living from the land, the author argued, these unfortunates would swell the urban proletariat and would probably become a formidable social danger.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 11

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sv03-011

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem; 2011

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1806-1951

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Marbial, southern Haiti

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Marbial Valley (Haiti)--Social conditions

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