Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972
Manners, Robert A. (Robert Alan), 1913-1996
Wolf, Eric R., 1923-1999
Padilla, Elena, 1923-
Mintz, Sidney Wilfred, 1922-
Scheele, Raymond L.
The people of Puerto Rico: a study in social
Published By: Original publisher
Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 1956. x, 540 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Julian H. Steward [et al.]
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Puerto Ricans (Island) (SU01)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
External relations (648);
Religious denominations (795);
General character of religion (771);
Special crops (249);
Occupational specialization (463);
Gender status (562);
Artificial kin relationships (608);
Ownership and control of capital (471);
Labor supply and employment (464);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Cultural participation (184);
Culture summary (105);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The objective of the series of monographs in this
ethnographic survey is to analyze sociocultural variation in rural Puerto Rico, its
historical modification and general processes of historical development. To clarify and
refine the concepts and methods of Steward's theory of cultural ecology, the authors here
limit their scope of investigation to the major forms of agricultural production of the
rural population. Selecting communities that exemplify the principle types of Puerto Rican
farm production (corporate sugarcane plantations, government owned sugarcane plantations,
small cash-subsistence mixed crop farms, and the modified haciendas and small farms
producing coffee), they undertake to determine how sociocultural institutions and processes
co-vary with economic type. They also apply Steward's ideas of local and class subcultures
and levels of sociocultural integration to their data by examining how these rural
subcultures function within the larger context of national Puerto Rican culture. This
source also analyzes the developmental factors and processes generating these rural
subcultures by discussing what features of the local environment differentiate forms of
land use and the adaptation of social and political features to the productive processes.
In integrating their findings, the various authors develop a set of theoretical
propositions about recurrent features of cultural structure, function, and history in all
these contrasting Puerto Rican rural cultures, which had diverse regional and local origins
and traditions. Accordingly, in the concluding chapters, the authors use historical and
ecological evidence to construct a developmental or diachronic typology to determine the
structural-functional origins and sequences of the existing synchronic variation in these
rural agrarian ecosystems and sociopolitical systems. This field research on rural Puerto
Rico was undertaken by the several authors as doctoral dissertation requirements at
Columbia University under Julian Steward's direction. This volume represents a later
compilation of their research findings and interpretations, again under Steward's
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Notes: "A Social Science Research Center study,
College of Social Sciences, University of Puerto Rico." Includes bibliographical references
(p. 516-526) and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Ethnologist, Indigene - 4, 5
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Gilbert Winer; 1967-1968 ; John Beierle; 2011
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Puerto Rico--Social life and customs//Puerto Rico--Rural