Staden, Hans, ca. 1525-ca. 1576. Hans Staden: the true story of his captivity, 1557

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Hans Staden: the true story of his captivity, 1557

Published By: Original publisher New York: George Routledge and Sons. 1928. xvii-xx, 1-168 p. [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Hans Staden ; translated and edited by Malcolm Letts, with an introduction and notes

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tupinamba (SO09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cannibalism (266); Ornament (301); Personal grooming (302); Magical and mental therapy (755); Warfare (726); Aftermath of combat (727);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is one of the very earliest and best of the ethnographical records from South America. It contains excellent information on the now extinct tribe of Tupinamba, among whom Staden resided for nine months as a captive during the middle of the 16th century. Little is known about the author except what is contained in the above account. He was born in Homburg in Hesse, and in 1547 sailed from Holland for Lisbon, where he took passage on a ship bound for Brazil with a cargo of convicts. It was while in Brazil, after a series of exciting adventures, that he was taken prisoner by the Tupinamba near the present site of Rio de Janeiro. Since he had previously been aligned with the Portuguese, who were bitter enemies of the Tupinamba, upon his capture he was to have been dispatched and eaten (an Indian custom followed with reference to enemy captives), but fortunately survived the series of misfortunes to which he was subjected, subsequently escaping on a French boat which carried him to Germany where he first published this memoir in 1557, the veracity of which has never been seriously questioned. As an ethnologist, Staden had an almost unparalleled opportunity of living for nine months in a cannibalistic society which has not yet been seriously 'threatened' by the onslaught of western European civilization. He seems to have made the most of his opportunities while sojourning there. In the words of his translator, 'It would be difficult to see how a work of this description could be better arranged. In the first place we have a straightforward narrative of the author's personal adventures and misfortunes, written briefly and without straining after effect. In the second part we have a treatise on the customs of the Tupinamba… This survey is a result of the sustained and penetrating observation, and subsequent accounts have added little to the information in it.'

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. so09-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: This document consists of excerpts|Translation of the author's Warhafftig historia … Marburg, 1557

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1547-1555

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Government Official-3

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Alfred Métraux ; 1971

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1549-1555

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Santos region, São Paulo, Brazil

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tupinamba Indians

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