Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-. Cayuá culture change: a study in acculturation and methodology

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Cayuá culture change: a study in acculturation and methodology

Published By: Original publisher Menasha, Wis.: American Anthropological Association. 1952. 144 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication James B. Watson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Guaraní (SM04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Historical reconstruction (174); History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Functional and adaptational interpretations (182); External trade (439); Labor supply and employment (464); External relations (648);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document After a discussion of the part of Guarani history for which written sources exist, Watson discusses in detail the acculturative changes in Cayuá culture. He traces the causal interrelationships of these changes, and reaches the final conclusion that during the whole period of acculturation Cayuá culture manifested a relatively high degree of organization. Sharp conflicts or periods of stress apparently did not occur. Strong acculturative influences took place during the period of missionization by the Jesuits from 1610 to 1768, and since the beginning of the 20th century when the expansion of the White Brazilian population deprived the Indians of the larger part of their territory. Today the Cayuá Indians live primarily on agriculture, instead of the hunting and fishing subsistence base of earlier times. The trade of some agricultural goods, strainers, and hammocks to Whites, as well as wage labor for White agriculturalists have brought a certain amount of goods from Neo-Brazilian civilazation to the Cayuá. The original extended family, that resided in one large building, has been replaced by the nuclear family that occupies a small dwelling alone.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sm04-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 133-137) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document June-Dec. 1943

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sigrid Khera ; Dubravka Schmalzbauer ; 1971-1972

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Sixteenth century -1943

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Cayuá Indians, village of Taquapirí, Brazil

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Guarani Indians

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