Faron, Louis C., 1923-. Mapuche social structure: institutional reintegration in a patrilineal society of central Chile

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One The Ecological Basis Of Mapuche Society

1 Introduction

The Geographic And Demographic Setting

Highlights In The Historical Record

2 The Agrarian Setting

Fundos And Parcelas

Reservations

3 Reservation Economy

Internal Distribution And Use Of Land: Specific Examples

Roble Huacho

Pelehue

Villarrica

Huapi

Reservation Alonqueo: Roble Huacho Region

Reservation Llancaman: Pelehue Region

Reservation Huilcan: Pelehue Region

Reservation M. Nahuelpan: Liumalla (andean) Region

Labor Organization

Recent Developments In The Mingaco Pattern

Mingaco Today

Vuelta Mano

Other Labor Arrangements

Land And The Concept Of Ownership

Markets And Credit

Economic Trends: Land Rental, Tenant Farming, And Sharecropping

Land Rental

Tenant Farming

The Mediero Or Sharecropping System

Conclusion

Part Two Reservation Social Structure

4 Components Of The Reservation Community

Unilineal And Residential Kingroups

The Structure Of The Patrilineage

The Structure Of The Residential Kingroup

Females Of The Patrilineage

Uxorilocal Residence 4

The Position Of In-married Women

Sublineation

Dominant And Subordinate Lineages

5 The Reservation As A Political Unit

Mapuche: “people Of The Land”

Chieftainship

Mapuche Pressure Groups

6 The Domestic Group

Types Of Family Organization

The Elementary Family

Husband-wife Relationships

Mother-child Relationships

Father-child Relationships

Sibling Relationships

The Joint-extended Family

The Compound Family

7 Courtship And Marriage

Sexual Experience And Attitudes

Illicit Love Affairs And Illegitimate Births

Arranging The Marriage

Secondary Unions

Separation And Divorce

Part Three Interreservational Linkage

8 The Structure Of Matrilateral Marriage

Incest And Exogamy

The Mother's Brother And The Father's Sister

Model Systems

The System In Practice

Wife Givers And Wife Receivers

Development Of The Present System: Competition For Wives

Marriage Wealth And Scarce Land

9 Ritual Congregationalism

Interpretative Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Mapuche social structure: institutional reintegration in a patrilineal society of central Chile

Published By: Original publisher Urbana: The University of Illinois Press. 1961. xvi, 247 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Louis C. Faron ; foreword by Julian H. Steward

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mapuche (SG04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External relations (648); Tillage (241); Cereal agriculture (243); Land use (311); Mutual aid (476); Community heads (622); Lineages (613); Sex (830); Marriage (580);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is a study of the structure of Mapuche society with emphasis on structural continuity and change set in a context of ecological adjustment. Contrary to Titiev, the author does not see Mapuche society as 'breaking down' but as a functioning entity. Major structural changes occurred as a result of adaptation to reservation life (after 1884) and minor adjustments continue. The formation of localized, corporate patrilineages was one result. This group forms the core of the residential kin group (see OCM 618). Other developments were a matrilateral marriage system and multi-reservational ritual congregations.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 11

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sg04-011

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 238-241)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1952-1954

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Joan Steffens ; 1963-1965

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1887-1954

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Frontera Region, central Chile

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Mapuche Indians-Social life and customs/Indians of South America-Chile

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