Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Holmer, Nils Magnus, 1904-
Wassén, Henry, 1908-
Mu-igala or the way of muu: a medicine song from the Cuna
Indians of Panama
Published By: Original publisher
Göteborg: [s.n.]. [n.d.]. 95 p. ill. [incomplete]
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[Edited and translated by Nils Magnus Holmer ; Henry
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Difficult and unusual births (845);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The Cuna song 'Mu-Igala' which is presented here with
comments and explanations, is sung at severe cases of childbirth. It is valuable not only
as an indication of the treatment of prolonged deliveries but also for the insight it gives
into the Cuna animism. Mr. Wassén received the text from the Cuna Indian Guillermo Haya in
1945, although he arranged for its transmittal in 1935. The translation was done by Mr.
Holmer and the text is presented in normalized Cuna and in English with comments on the
Cuna language and translation problems. Mr. Wassén summarized the text and presents his
synopses with notes interpreting the text in terms of the ideology of the Cuna and other
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Component part(s), monograph
Language: Language that the document is written in
English translation from Cuna
This document consists of excerpts|The original Cuna
text is not included
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Lss ; 1950-1956
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings