González, Nancie L. Solien, 1929-. Sojourners of the Caribbean: ethnogenesis and ethnohistory of the Garifuna

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Sojourners Of The Caribbean

Introduction The Meaning Of Ethnicity


Part One Ethnohistory

1 The Lesser Antilles

Early European Political History Of St. Vincent

Carib Culture History On St. Vincent


2 The Deportation, 1797

The Landing At Roatan And The Seige Of Trujillo

The Trouble With Roatan

The Politics Of Survival


3 Central American Settlement, 1800–1900

Anglo-hispanic Competition For Hegemony

Analysis Of Names


Untitled Section: ...

Part Two The Cultural Bases Of Ethnicity

4 The Ancestors: Heart Of Garifuna Religious Expression

The Rites Of Death

Ancestor Rites

Believers, Nonbelievers, And The Specialization Of Labor


5 Foods And Their Acquisition


Food Production

Food Supply And Population Size


6 Work Identity And Ethnicity

Ethnicity And Reputation

St. Vincent—raiders And Traders

Central America—soldiers And Smugglers Of Fortune

Wage Labor—wood And Bananas

Bananas And Prosperity

New Horizons—in Search Of A Living


7 Domesticity, Personality, And Perceptions Of Self

The Nature Of The Data

Island Caribs And Black Caribs

The Garifuna Domestic Domain And Personality Formation

Symbolic Representations Of Society And Personality


Untitled Section: ...

Part Three The Making Of A Modern Ethnic Group

8 The Migratory Process

Migration As A Way Of Life—variant Patterns

Immigrant Life In The United States

The Impact On The Individual Migrant

Impact On The Home Villages And On Garifuna Culture Patterns


9 The Meaning Of Development

Units Of Analysis

The Definition Of Development

Migration And Development

Consumption And Development

Population And Development

Urbanization And Development

Ethnic Consciousness And Development

Recent Efforts By The Modern Development Complex

The Possibilities For Future Development Among The Garifuna


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sojourners of the Caribbean: ethnogenesis and ethnohistory of the Garifuna

Published By: Original publisher Urbana ; Chicago: University of Illinois Press. 1988. 16, 255 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Nancie L. Gonzalez

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Garifuna (SA12)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Magical and mental therapy (755); External migration (167); External relations (648); External migration (167); Gender status (562); Peacemaking (728); Labor supply and employment (464); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Sociocultural trends (178);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is a study of the Garifuna, or Garifunas, who presently inhabit the Atlantic coast of Central America from Belize to Nicaragua, with clusers located in several Central American cities as well as the United States. The work is divided into three major parts. Part 1 (chapters 1-3) provides the historical background for the situations and events that eventually gave rise to the different phases or societies referred to in the text as Island Caribs, Garifunas and Garifuna. Here the author describes the various cultural elements that gradually coalesce into a single Garifuna people. Part 2 (chapters 4-7) evaluates the various cultural features that serve as distinct ethnic markers for these people, showing in effect how different 'traditions' were adopted and modified by the Garifuna to meet their own specific needs. Some of the most important areas of these traditions include language, ancestor ceremonies, dance and drumming, and work patterns. In part 3 (chapters 8-9) Gonzalez discusses the various processes and institutions that are involved in the adaptation and evolution of Garifuna society with a discussion of the effects of the migratory process on the society and the meaning of 'development' for an ethnic people as opposed to its meaning for a nation as a whole

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sa12-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 217-244) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1955-1985

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 1989-1991

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1000-1985

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Central America and Caribbean

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Garifuna (Caribbean people)


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