Shternberg, Lev IAkovlevich, 1861-1927. The Gilyak, Orochi, Goldi, Negidal, Ainu: articles and materials

Table of Contents

Publication Information

L. Ia. Shternberg As An Investigator Of The Peoples Of The Far East

Ii.

Iii.

Explanation Of The Transcription System For Tungusic-manchu Words

Classification Of The Aboriginal Population Of The Amur Region

The Gilyak

I. Territory. Linguistic Isolation. Origin.

Ii. Environment. Type. External Life.

Iii. Kinship System. Marriage Norms And Their Influence On The Family-clan Structure.

Iv. Some Conclusions From The Norms Of Gilyak Marriage

V. Religion Of The Gilyak

Vi The Clan

Vii. The Mechanism Of The Clan

Viii. Interclan Relations

The Social Organization Of The Gilyak (family And Marital-sexual Norms)

I. Introduction

Ii. Terms And Forms Of Kinship

Iii. The Classificatory System Of Kinship And The Norms Of Sexual Intercourse And Marriage

Iv. Moral And Psychic Consequences Of The Sexual Norms

V. The Genesis Of The Gilyak Marriage Norms And The Kinship Terminology

Vi. The Dynamics Of The Destructive Conditions

Vii. The Phratry And Its Genesis

Viii. Cousin Marriage

Ix. The Gilyak Kinship System And Morgan's Hypothesis

X. Features Of The Classificatory System Among Other Peoples Of Northeast Asia

Xi. Sexual Life

Xii. Methods Of Obtaining A Wife

Xiii. Marriage Terms And Survivals Of Maternality

Xiv. Forms Of Concluding Marriage

Separate Materials On The Ethnography Of The Amur Gilyak (extracts From Notebooks And Diaries)

I. The Tribal And Clan Composition Of The Population Of The Lower Amur

Ii. A Legend About Pilavo (1)

Iii. Legends About The Past

Iv. The Union Of Clans And The Bear Festival

V. Slaves

Vi. The Family And The Clan

Vii. Religion

Viii. Beliefs And Rites Connected With Hunting And Fishing

Ix. Ideas About Animals

X. The Building Of A House, Its Plan, And Rites Connected With The House

Xi. Miscellanea

Separate Materials On The Ethnography Of The Sakhalin Gilyak

I. Religion

Ii. Hunting And Fishing

Iii. The Building Of A House And Rites And Ideas Connected With The House

Iv. Women, Childbirth, And Children

V. The Rescue Of A Drowning Man

Vi. Games

Vii. Miscellanea

Viii. Folklore (1)

The Sakhalin Gilyak (1)

I. The Origin Of The Gilyak And Features Of Their External Life

Ii. Family-clan Relations

Iii. Religious Views

Iv. Juridical Life

V Statistical Data

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Gilyak, Orochi, Goldi, Negidal, Ainu: articles and materials

Published By: Original publisher Khabarovsk: Dal'giz. 1933. HRAF: iv, 554 p. [original:xxxix, 740 p., 5 plates] [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lev IAkovlevich Shternberg ; Edited and preface by IA. P. Al'Kor (Koshkin)

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nivkh (RX02)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cultural identity and pride (186); Settlement patterns (361); Mythology (773); Spirits and gods (776); Athletic sports (526); Games (524); Sexual stimulation (832); Music (533); External relations (648); Kin relationships (602); Kinship terminology (601); Accumulation of wealth (556); Regulation of marriage (582); Polygamy (595); Kinship regulation of sex (835); Family relationships (593); Extramarital sex relations (837); Organized ceremonial (796); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Lineages (613); Gift giving (431); Judicial authority (692); Slavery (567); Informal in-group justice (627); Revelation and divination (787); Burial practices and funerals (764); Ethnobotany (824); Ethnozoology (825); External trade (439); History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Shternberg's work is the most valuable ethnographical account on the Gilyak available. It describes religion, economy, and material culture - the latter somewhat sketchily - as well as changes due to Chinese trading activity and Russian colonisation. A greater part of the book, however, contains a detailed description and analysis of Gilyak kinship terminology and marriage rules. The analysis and succeeding conclusions on the development of Gilyak social organization are made in an effort to verify Engels' theory on the evolution of human society. Though of little objective value this analysis is of interest for the student of history of ethnological theory. The fact that the articles contained in this book were written at different points of time may account for inconsequences and contradictions in the ethnographical descriptions. Only from chapter XIV on does it become obvious that the first part of the book gives a strongly idealized picture of conditions among the Gilyak. The second part of the book discusses conditions actually witnessed by the author. In the forty pages introduction the editor (1933-Stalinistic era) judges Shternberg's work and personality from the Marxist viewpoint.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. rx02-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Russian

Note: Translation of: [Giliaki, orochi, gol'dy, negidal'tsy, ainy; stati i materialy] Translated for the HRAF files by Leo Bromwich and Norbert Ward, and prepared for HRAF by Joan Verosky|Only pages 1-388, mainly concerning the Gilyak are included

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1890-1897, 1910

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sigrid Khera ; 1967

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1890-1930

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) lower Amur River and Sakhalin Island, Russia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Gilyaks

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