Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Engelhardt, Aleksandr Platonovich
A Russian province of the north
Published By: Original publisher
Westminster: Archibald Constable and Company. 1899.
70-215, 226-236, 249-298 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Alexander Platonovich Engelhardt; Translated from the Russian
by Henry Cooke
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Price and value (435);
External relations (648);
Saving and investment (454);
Animal transport (492);
Pastoral activities (233);
Annual cycle (221);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Hunting and trapping (224);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The author was the Governor of the Province of Archangel
when he made his journey in 1894 through the province to ascertain its economic and
industrial situation and to arrange for further development of the resources of this
region. It is to be expected that his information would be based chiefly on the economic
status of the tribes whom he encountered, and the researcher will discover this to be true
of the information which has been processed here for the Samoyed file. The Samoyeds with
whom the author deals are those on Novaya Zemlya and in the Pechora District, constituting
that tribal division known as the Yurak Samoyeds or Nenets. Emphasis is placed upon the
attempts of the Russians to populate the islands of Novaya Zemlya, and an account is given
of the Samoyed colonists who were transplanted from the tundras to their new island home.
Chapter 6 of the source deals with the acculturation of these Novaya Zemlya Samoyeds and
the Russian missionary influence on these people. The economic condition of the Samoyed
tribe, in comparison with that of the Russians and Zyrians of the same region, their
dependence on the reindeer, their desire for a nomadic type of existence, and their
inability to advance themselves financially are analyzed, and the author concerns himself
with the problem of the “grandfatherly” legislation, which has protected the tundras for
the roving Samoyeds, in connection with the general economic instability of this group of
people. Criticizing this situation severely, he places the blame upon the Samoyeds
themselves and offers for a solution to the problem the further acculturation of these
people and the opening up of the tundras to other peoples. Although there is some good
information on the religion and beliefs of the Samoyed, the emphasis is on their nomadic
way of life and their economic condition. A number of photographs have been included in the
pages processed for this source.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Component part(s), monograph
Language: Language that the document is written in
English translation from Russian
Only pages 170-215, 226-236, 249-298, and the maps
have been processed for this file
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ruth Heffner ; John Beierle ; 1952, 1966, Teferi A. Adem;
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Archangel Province, Russian North,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings