Krader, Lawrence. The Kazkhs: A background study for psychological warfare

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

Introduction 1



“family Relations”

Soviet Administration

Nationality Policy


Research Method

Untitled Section: ...

Chapter 1: The Setting: Geography And History 1

Geography Of Kazakhstan

Human Geography

Regional History And Socio-cultural Setting

The Kazakhs

Political Developments After 1900

Formation Of Political Divisions In The Soviet Period

The Cross-border Movement

Chapter 2: A Demographic Sketch 1

Kazakhs Prior To 1917

Kazakhs In The 1926 Census

The Period 1926–1939

Kazakh Population In 1939

Developments In Kazakhstan To 1954

World Distribution Of Kazakhs

Chapter 3: Society

Pattern Of Kazakh Society

Family And Village Life

Kazakh Society And The Party Line

Kazakh Life In 1950

The Soviet Theory Of Cultural Change

Chapter 4: Religion

The Moslem Religion And The Kazakhs

Kazakh Folk Religions

Evaluation Of Islam In Soviet Kazakhstan


Chapter 5: Economy

Traditional Pattern Of Kazakh Economy

Economic Organization In The Soviet Period




The Current Crisis In The Rural Economy



Chapter 6: The Party

Organization Of The Communist Party Of The Kssr

Major Communist Party Problems In Kazakhstan

The Young Communist League

The Party And The Trade Unions

Chapter 7: The Government

Governmental Organization Of Kazakhstan

The Judiciary

The Overlapping Leadership Of Party And Government

Kazakh Participation In Military Activities

Chapter 8: Communication

Linguistic Conditions 1


Communication Conditions In Kazakhstan

Mass Media Of Communication 1

The Press



Other Forms Of Communication

Chapter 9: Cultural Affairs: The Politics Of “culture” And Education

Soviet Nationality Policy

Kazakh Art And Letters


Science And Education

Primary And Secondary Education

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Kazkhs: A background study for psychological warfare

Published By: Original publisher [Washington]: George Washington University, Human Resources Research Office. 1955. viii, 154 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Lawrence Krader and Ivor Wayne

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kazakh (RQ02)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study of the Kazaks of Soviet Central Asia was conducted for the Department of the Army as a 'Background Study for Psychological Warfare.' It is based entirely on documentary sources. One of the results of the research was the development of new methods for the study of culture at a distance. The local press was a primary source of information, but all available sources were consulted. A number of approaches and disciplines were brought to bear on the subject: demography, economics, anthropology, sociology and social psychology. 'Problems and Methods of Research' are discussed in length in Appendix A. The resulting study is a well integrated analysis of the sources of conflict between the way of life of the Kazaks and the policies imposed upon them by the Soviet Communists. The implications for psychological warfare are made explicit throughout the study. A major decline in population resulted from the Soviet attempt to settle these nomadic herders on collective farms in the early 1930's, and the implications of this fact are discussed in detail The authors describe the old patterns of Kazak society, religion, economy, and political organization: the changes brought about; the present lack of integration of Kazak culture and their passive participation in the Soviet way of life. Much of the material presented deals with the inhabitants of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (KSSR) and by implication applies to present day Kazaks. One result of the 'controlled acculturation' of the Kazaks was a nativistic movement and the authors trace its development.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. rq02-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'Task KAZPO, a research project conducted by Bureau of Social Science Research, American University under HumRRO Subcontract number 650-022.' Includes bibliographical references (p. 139-146) A major part of this source has been marked for the Kazakhstan RQ01 file. (Geography, Demography, Economy, The Party, The Government, and Communications.) Material on the Moslem Religion among the Kazaks will be found in category 779.

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Joan Steffens ; 1965

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kazakhstan RQ1

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kazakhs--History/Kazakhstan


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