Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The Kazkhs: A background study for psychological
Published By: Original publisher
[Washington]: George Washington University, Human
Resources Research Office. 1955. viii, 154 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Lawrence Krader and Ivor Wayne
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This study of the Kazaks of Soviet Central Asia was
conducted for the Department of the Army as a 'Background Study for Psychological Warfare.'
It is based entirely on documentary sources. One of the results of the research was the
development of new methods for the study of culture at a distance. The local press was a
primary source of information, but all available sources were consulted. A number of
approaches and disciplines were brought to bear on the subject: demography, economics,
anthropology, sociology and social psychology. 'Problems and Methods of Research' are
discussed in length in Appendix A. The resulting study is a well integrated analysis of the
sources of conflict between the way of life of the Kazaks and the policies imposed upon
them by the Soviet Communists. The implications for psychological warfare are made explicit
throughout the study. A major decline in population resulted from the Soviet attempt to
settle these nomadic herders on collective farms in the early 1930's, and the implications
of this fact are discussed in detail The authors describe the old patterns of Kazak
society, religion, economy, and political organization: the changes brought about; the
present lack of integration of Kazak culture and their passive participation in the Soviet
way of life. Much of the material presented deals with the inhabitants of the Kazakh Soviet
Socialist Republic (KSSR) and by implication applies to present day Kazaks. One result of
the 'controlled acculturation' of the Kazaks was a nativistic movement and the authors
trace its development.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
'Task KAZPO, a research project conducted by Bureau of
Social Science Research, American University under HumRRO Subcontract number 650-022.'
Includes bibliographical references (p. 139-146) A major part of this source has been
marked for the Kazakhstan RQ01 file. (Geography, Demography, Economy, The Party, The
Government, and Communications.) Material on the Moslem Religion among the Kazaks will be
found in category 779.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Joan Steffens ; 1965
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings