Benet, Sula, 1903- ed.. The village of Viriatino: an ethnographic study of a Russian village from before the revolution to the present

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I: Russian Village Life Before The Revolution

Chapter I: The Economic Life Of The Prerevolutionary Village

Village Farming — Communal Landowning

Non-agricultural Occupations

Economic Situation Of The Viriatino Peasantry

Chapter Ii: The Growth Of The Village

The Peasant Household In The Nineteenth And Beginning Of The Twentieth Centuries

Chapter Iii: Peasant Dress

Chapter Iv: Family Structure And Family Life

The Peasant Family After Serfdom

Traditional Family Relations

Family Customs

Chapter V: Village Life, Customs, And Manners

The Backwardness Of Village Life

Peasant Calendar Holidays

Parties And Games

The Sanitary Conditions Of The Village

Chapter Vi: Literacy And The Influence Of Returning Workers On Village Culture

The Growth Of A Revolutionary Consciousness

Part Ii: The Soviet Village

Chapter Vii: Economic Life Of The Contemporary Village

Peasant Domestic Economy Prior To Collectivization

The Contemporary Kolkhoz Or “lenin's Way”

Charter Of The “put' Lenin A (lenin's Way)” Agricultural Artel

Sosnov District, Tambov Province

I. Objectives And Purposes

Ii. The Land

Iii. The Means Of Production

Iv. The Work Of The Artel And Its Management Board

Vii. Labor: Organization, Remuneration And Discipline

Viii. Management Of The Artel's Affairs

A Collective Farmer's Family Budget

Chapter Viii: The Contemporary Architecture Of Viriatino

Contemporary Viriatino — Kolkhoz Construction

Chapter Ix: Modern Dress

Chapter X: Family Structure And Family Life

Family Customs And Rituals

Chapter Xi: Social Life Of The Village

Chapter Xii: Cultural Revolution In The Village

The Collective Farm Specialists And Viriatino Intelligentsia

Cultural Life In The Village

Growth Of The Cultural Needs Of The Kolkhoz People

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The village of Viriatino: an ethnographic study of a Russian village from before the revolution to the present

Published By: Original publisher Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books. 1970. x, 300 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Translated and edited by Sula Benet

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2021. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Russians (RF10)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Household (592); Family relationships (593); Community structure (621); Cereal agriculture (243); Domesticated animals (231); Real property (423); Production and supply (433); Standard of living (511); Labor relations (466); Congregations (794); Organized ceremonial (796); Local officials (624); Exploitation (661); Classes (565); Political parties (665); Revolution (669); Political movements (668); Education system (871); Economic planning and development (179); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Written by a team of nine Russian ethnographers, each responsible for a chapter, this book discusses a century of change and continuity in the socioeconomic conditions of a peasant community. Pre-revolutionary life was characterized by exploitative agrarian relations rooted in the nexus of patriarchal family structure, religion, and land-holding inequality. Post-revolution, the communist party redistributed land equitably and organized farmers into collectives administered by elected officials. Parallel to a series of campaigns for literacy and numeracy, party leaders also promoted secularization by banning traditional religious practices, effectively increasing the power of young communist leaders and their supporters as agents in a campaign against former land owners and patriarchal elites.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 86

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. rf10-086

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Translation of Selo Viri︠a︡tino v proshlom i nastoi︠a︡shchem (romanized form) Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1952-1957

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologists-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem ; 2018

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1850-1957

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Viryatino (Viriatino), Sosnovsky, Tambov, Russia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Viryatino, Russia

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