Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Benet, Sula, 1903- ed.
The village of Viriatino: an ethnographic study of a Russian village from before the revolution to the present
Published By: Original publisher
Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books. 1970. x, 300 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Translated and edited by Sula Benet
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2021. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Family relationships (593);
Community structure (621);
Cereal agriculture (243);
Domesticated animals (231);
Real property (423);
Production and supply (433);
Standard of living (511);
Labor relations (466);
Organized ceremonial (796);
Local officials (624);
Political parties (665);
Political movements (668);
Education system (871);
Economic planning and development (179);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Written by a team of nine Russian ethnographers, each responsible for a chapter, this book discusses a century of change and continuity in the socioeconomic conditions of a peasant community. Pre-revolutionary life was characterized by exploitative agrarian relations rooted in the nexus of patriarchal family structure, religion, and land-holding inequality. Post-revolution, the communist party redistributed land equitably and organized farmers into collectives administered by elected officials. Parallel to a series of campaigns for literacy and numeracy, party leaders also promoted secularization by banning traditional religious practices, effectively increasing the power of young communist leaders and their supporters as agents in a campaign against former land owners and patriarchal elites.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Translation of Selo Viri︠a︡tino v proshlom i nastoi︠a︡shchem (romanized form) Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Teferi Abate Adem ; 2018
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Viryatino (Viriatino), Sosnovsky, Tambov, Russia
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings