Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953. The material culture of the Marquesas Islands

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Material Culture Of The Marquesas Islands

Introduction

Geographic Sketch

Settlement And Population

Social Organization And Religion

Scope And Acknowledgments

Houses

The Marquesan Dwelling And Its Adjuncts

The Small House Type

The Dwelling Type

The House Platform (paepae)

Position Of The House

Framework Of The House

The House Roof

The House Wall

The House Door

Interior Arrangement Of The House

House Decoration

Decoration Of The Paepae

Decoration Of The House

Human Figures

Carvings On Posts

Ornamental Lashings

Methods Of Making Lashings

Other Forms Of Decoration

House Furnishings

Special Houses

Summary

Comparison Of Polynesian Houses

Canoes

Modern Canoes

Fishing Canoes

Vaka Poti

Ancient Canoes

The Dugout

Built Up Canoes

The Bow Piece

The Stern Piece

Side Planks

The Strips

Other Canoe Parts

Assembling The Canoe

Caulking

The Outrigger

Canoe Platforms

Decoration Of Canoes

Handling Of The Canoes

Special Types Of Canoes

Sails

Paddles

Decoration Of Paddles

Bailers

Canoe Models

Comparison Of Polynesian Canoes

Stone Artifacts

Hammerstones

Adzes And Chisels

Simple Tanged Adzes

Toki Aa

Toki Kouma

Tangless Adzes

Unclassified Adzes

Comparison Of Marquesan Adzes With Other Polynesian Types

Methods Of Hafting

Adz Haftings

Chisel Hafting

Use Of Adzes And Chisels

Gouges

Knives And Scrapers

Rubbing Stones

Perforated Stone Disks

Sinkers

Anchors

Pipes

Bowls And Trays

Pounders

Introduction

Modern Pounders

Ancient Pounders

Popoi Pounders

Tiki Headed Pounders

Pounders For Infant Food

Salt Pounders

Children's Pounders

Conical Pounders

Comparison Of Marquesan Pounders With Other Polynesian Types

Stone Figures

Miscellaneous Tools

Domestic Implements

Tools For Fire Making

Implements For Collecting And Preparing Breadfruit

Nets And Carrying Sticks

Implements For Preparing Breadfruit

Implements For Preparing Coconuts

Miscellaneous Domestic Implements

Containers

Natural Containers

Joints Of Bamboo

Coconut Shells

Gourds

Wooden Containers

Boxes

Bowls And Dishes

Comparison Of Containers

Decoration Of Containers

Classification Of Designs

(1) Band Decorations

(2) Angular-geometric Designs Used To Fill Sections

(3) Design Elements

(4) Motifs

(5) Representations Of Natural Objects

(6) Representations Of Human Beings

(7) Representations Of Animals Or Insects

Floral Designs

Comparison Of Polynesian Container Designs

Fiber And Cordage

Matting And Basketry

Mats

Baskets

Fans

Articles Used In Games

Stilts

Coconut Shells

Darts

Pohutu

Ball And Pin Game

Tops

Bow And Arrow, And Slings

Weapons

Slings

Spears And Lances

Clubs

Head Trophies

Comparisons

Apparatus Used In Fishing

Fish Spears

Hook And Line

Nets

Musical Instruments

Drums

Trumpets

Flutes

Whistles

Jew's Harps

Stringed Instruments

Sticks For Beating Time

Xylophone

Comparison

Clothing And Ornaments

Tapa

Implements Used In Making Tapa

Scrapers

Beaters

Tapa Anvils

Tapa Making

Clothing And Body Decorations

Garments

Tattooing

Mutilations

Hair Dressing

Body Painting

Skin Bleaching

Special Costumes

Ornaments

Flowers, Herbs And Fruits

Ornaments Made Of Hair

Belts And Ankle Ornaments

Finger Ornaments

Bracelets And Arm Ornaments

Necklaces

Gorgets And Breast Ornaments

Ear Ornaments For Women

Ear Ornaments For Men

Ear. Ornaments Worn By Men Or Women

Comparison

Headdresses

Ceremonial Objects

String Records

Local Differences In Material Culture

Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The material culture of the Marquesas Islands

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press. 1923. 263-468 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Ralph Linton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Marquesas (OX06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Dwellings (342); Boats (501); General tools (412); Utensils (415); Cordage (283); Weapons (411); Fishing gear (227); Fishing (226); Musical instruments (534); Normal garb (291); Special garments (292); Ornament (301); Body alterations (304); Comparative evidence (171);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source by Ralph Linton, a professional anthropologist who accompanied Handy to the Marquesas on the Bayard Dominick Expedition, is primarily of a descriptive nature. A very thorough description is given of houses, canoes, artifacts and utensils, weapons, musical instruments, clothing, ornaments, and data on all native crafts. The field study was supplemented by research in museum collections in the United States.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 7

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ox06-007

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 208-211)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1920-1921

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. James R. Leary ; 1959: John Beierle; 2010

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1770-1923

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Marquesans

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