Kamakau, Samuel Manaiakalani, 1815-1876. Ka po'e kahiko: the people of old

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One The Society

Ka Po`e Kahiko

The Degrees Of Chiefs

Kahuna Orders

The Classes Of People

Kapus Of The Chiefs

Kanawai: Laws And Edicts

Some Kanawai Of Gods And Chiefs


The Makahiki Festival

Notes To Part One

Part Two The Family And The `aumakua


Rearing Of Children

The `aumakua—ancestral Deities

Ho`aumakua—the Acquiring And Contacting Of `aumakua

Pohaku O Kane

Customs At Death

Kuni Rituals

Disposal Of Corpses


Notes To Part Two

Part Three The Spirit World

The Three Spirit Realms

Ao Kuewa, Or Ao `auwana

Ao `aumakua

Ao O Milu

Noha Ana—medium Possession

Visions And Dreams

Akua `aumakua—the `aumakua Gods

Note To Part Three

Part Four Kaku`ai — Transfiguration

Hosts Of Heaven And Earth

Volcanic Manifestations—pele

Thunder And Lightning Forms

Shark Forms

Mo`o Forms

The Kapus Of Consecration

Notes To Part Four

Part Five `oihana Lapa`au — Medical Practices

Kahuna `aumakua

The Medical Profession

Class 1. Kahuna Ho`ohapai Keiki And Ho`ohanau Keiki

Class 2. Kahuna Pa`ao`ao And Kahuna `ea

Pa`ao`ao Remedies


`ea Remedies


Class 3. Kahuna `o`o

Class 4. Kahuna Haha

The Remedies Of The Kahunas Of Lonopuha

Class 5. Kahuna A Ka `alawa Maka And `ike Lihilihi

The Universal Remedy

Notes To Part Five

Part Six O Ka `ana`ana A Me Ka Hana `ino — Magic And Sorcery

`ana`ana Magic

The Divisions Of `ana`ana

Pule Kaholo

Pule Kaholo

Pule `umi Ho`ano

Pule Kuni Ka`ameha`i

Pule Ho`ola

The Sorcery Gods Of Molokai

The Coming Of The Kalaipahoa Gods

Pua Ma

Akua Kumuhaka

Kamehameha's Care Of The Kalaipahoa And Pua Gods

Remedies For Illness Sent By Pua Ma

Remedies Of The Kahuna `ana`ana

Notes To Part Six

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ka po'e kahiko: the people of old

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press. 1968. ix, 165 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication translated from the newspaper Ke Au 'oko'a by Mary Kawena Pukui ; arranged and edited by Dorothy B. Barrère

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hawaiians (OV05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); Status, role, and prestige (554); Sorcery (754); Magical and mental therapy (755); Burial practices and funerals (764); Mythology (773); Eschatology (775); Spirits and gods (776); Sacred objects and places (778); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Avoidance and taboo (784);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document, Ka Po' e Kahiko, is a translation of Samuel Kamakau's articles on Hawaiian history and culture that appeared in a series of weekly newspaper reports that ran from 1866 to 1871. These articles were translated by a group of Hawaiian scholars and put into the present form through the editing of Mary Kawena Pukui and Martha Warren Beckwith, who at the time of the translation, in the 1930s, was professor of folklore at Vassar College. (The second translated work by Kamakau appears in this file as eHRAF document no. 10). Kamakau wrote this study at a time when the Hawaiian people still retained much knowledge of their traditional society at a time of rapid culture change. The major ethnographic topics discussed in this monograph deal with social organization and structure, the family, the spirit world, soul transfiguration, medical practices, and magic and sorcery.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ov05-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English and Hawaiian

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 149-150)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist, Indigene-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. late eighteenth - nineteenth centuries

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Hawaiian Islands, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hawaiians


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